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Erik erikson phases of human being development

Erik Erikson stages of human advancement with a particular approach of the Identity catastrophe of teenage years and implications for youngsters policy and practice.

Erik Erikson`s developing stages: The Adolescence Identity Crisis way.

“They state is man to experience a very long childhood, yet is also civilised to have an actually longer the child years as it potential clients the person to attain more technological and mental abilities known as virtuoso; concurrently it can also keep a long deposits of immaturity and mental confusion (Erikson, 1994- Erik Hamburger Erikson, 1902-1994).

In the gathered works there were a researcher who spent a lot of time studying about individual development great name was Erik Erikson; most of Erikson`s work is founded on real life scenarios such as the war and man depression which could influence the behaviour of one person, mcdougal believed the culture one individual lives in is likewise influencing their behaviour as an example of this sort of arguments can be Erikson`s study Sioux Indians investigated within a reservation.

Erikson argued that the human behaviour is definitely influenced by body relationships, by the human being mind plus the overall social influences (Marcia, 1966). Erikson developed a theory which usually states that we now have eight significant stages inside the human expansion dividing the adulthood developmental stages into young adults, middle section age adults and old adults experience.

The first stage Erikson described is a Infancy starting from birth approximately 18 months also referred to as the Dental Sensory level and the main concept of the stage can be emphasising the importance of love and care directed at an infant by way of a mother and also the visual contact and touch as the forms of interaction and mental exchange; this stage is likewise known as “Trust versus Mistrust which means the infant`s basic requirements accomplishment because when the infant`s needs are fulfilled by mother as the role model your child will type trust and confidence where as if the simple needs such as visual get in touch with are not made available from the mother it can lead the infant to produce mistrust inside the closest person due to the deficiency of positive interaction (Oswalt, 1995-2012).

The second level starts in 2 and continues approximately 4 years old is also referred to as “Autonomy compared to Shame and Doubt which stands for the very fact that the kid is actually requesting if their person is alright and approved by the others due to the fact that he starts to explore the close environment and increases motor talents; at this stage the kids are producing their 1st interests plus the parents nonetheless play a significant role in encouraging and supporting the child`s autonomy and independency skills (Erikson, 1970).

Another stage is usually known as the Preschool stage “Initiative versus Guilt starting for 4 until the child reaches 5 years of age and although is a short stage the kid development can be significant because they start to learn the nearest environment by achieving basic learning skills of life as an example the child understands that the things are falling straight down and not up. At this stage the child develops a specific level of independency and bravery but as well they can develop some unfavorable behaviour just like frustration, rudeness or aggressive intentions (Erikson, 1993).

Between 5 and 12 years older is the stage of “Industry versus Inferiority when the child is requesting if there is a place in the world and turns into more conscious of the fact that they can be individuals, be a little more responsible, start to share more and to work better in most situations as they understand the meaning and perception of existence to a much deeper extend, at the same time the child discovers new talents and hobbies (Erikson, 1980). The 5th stage is a Adolescence starting at 13 up to nineteen years old often known as “Identity versus Role Confusion which is short for the crisis the young adult might knowledge when determining their own individuality; it is the most significant period mainly because it could effect the person` s lifestyle as it is characterised by confusion in most cases, it will probably be critically liked in the last portion of the essay.

The sixth stage is the young adulthood beginning at twenty up to 40 years old also referred to as “Intimacy compared to Isolation, period governed by conflict of affection. Although, at this point the identification crisis is usually coming to an end, the young adult can isolate because of the intimacy need and the fear of staying rejected by the groups, general the stage refers to the person`s will need of finding the ideal partner for a lifetime (Erikson, 1990).

The middle adult life starts for 40 about 64 years and is also called “Generativity versus Stagnation which is characterised by adult goal and concern of helping and guiding youngsters so the main focus of the adult should be to contribute towards society advancement by offering support to the fresh generation (Erikson, 1980).

The final stage referred to by Erikson is called the late adulthood starting for 65 till death also called the “Ego Integrity versus Despair when the adult is meditating after their your life events and what they possess achieved through the entire life, if they understand that their particular life has become successfully will form sincerity if not it can lead to despair plus the feeling of failing (Erikson, 1980). One of the Erikson`s most spoke stages of human development is the Adolescence which main focus is the teenager`s matter about how they look, how they are interpreted and accepted by way of a peers, good friends and teams (Marcia, 1976).

Erikson statements that in the late stage of adolescence the teenager develops a intimate identity that can define them as a person for their future life; the teenager constitutes a transition in the child to adult your life which will basically mark their particular future functions in the contemporary society. The initial stage in the transition is marked by confusion of who the teenager really wants to become, who they actually are at the moment and how will they will be recognized by the contemporary society as an example of such doubt is the teenager`s preoccupation to slip into tiny jobs, they may try different roles just like babysitting or catering assistants until they may decide what they wish to become down the road.

Erikson stated that sooner or later the teenager achieves a sense of identity when that there is an emergency and a confusion stage which impacts the teenager`s future decisions and hobbies; the period can be critic as it could lead the teenager in to bad groupings, drugs, assault and other risks since they are actually confused and easy influenced therefore the parents need to support and guide all of them towards the correct path (Marcia, 1980).

Erikson believes the transition is definitely marked by identity turmoil which makes the stage unique as it becomes a synthesis of earlier stages and a form of anticipation for the adulthood life while the children stage is a bridge among child and adult knowledge (Fletcher and Branen, 2009).

The stage is a major change in terms of growing up, ability to search and find own life directions, awareness progress the society meanings and roles; the teenager is usually challenged to establish boundaries on their own and this can be when their particular identity problems becomes hard to deal with, nevertheless Erikson believes the contemporary society will help and guide the teenage to find their own way by offering different activities which will effect the teenager`s interests and may define whom they want to turn into as adults(Erikson, 1980).

The theorist promises the identity crisis could be prolonged for some individuals as a result of society and because it takes time to achieve specific life abilities, personal interests and contact form a clear review of the adult life, thus there is no precise deadline intended for the teen to create a lifestyle strategy, but Erikson considers that by age of 18 to 20 the adolescent need to know their own passions and head to a certain direction in life increasing a internal and sociable stability (Fletcher and Branen, 2009).

Finally, Erikson feels that the key impact and influence over a teenager id crisis is a sociological environment the person hails from and the youngsters culture existing in that certain society, although the youth lifestyle might be particular from a country to another or perhaps from a race to another, overall the youth plan needs to be WISE which means systematic, considerable, achievable, trusted and period related in order that it will help the teenager to determine their own course more evidently and research the options they might have got within the mature world (Kail and Cavanaugh, 2004). The way a teenager experience the transition period effects the future internal, sociological and youth developing skills, so Erikson feels it is important what kind of “tools the society and mostly the youth environment offers towards the adolescent so they can choose from and establish their particular future route in terms of job opportunities, persona definition and overall place in the contemporary society (Oswalt, 1995-2012).

As the essay showed, Erikson built a comprehensive inauguration ? introduction in the human developmental phases emphasising this is and position of each stage; the childhood is governed by the like and treatment offered by the mother towards the child, as the child grows up they become more independent and, have larger autonomy and yet they are doubtful about their put in place the world because the second level described, when justin was preschool the kid learns the basic skills and define their ego to be remembered as more liable with individual interests and talents towards fourth level.

The sixth stage is usually governed by confusion as the age of puberty identity crisis when the young adult decides all their future route, as a youthful adult the individual will be considering making a family and ensure they are loved; the center age mature will be concerned in supplying guidance, support and tips to the fresh generation of kids but towards late mature stage we saw that the retired person is concerned of the life incidents and encouraged to meditate upon their particular life cycle.


Elkind, G. (2004). Erik Erikson`s 8-10 Ages of Men. Module III Teaching Supplemental Handouts. Erikson, Electronic. (1970). Glare on the dissent of contemporary youngsters. International Diary of Psychoanalysis. 51 (11-12). Erikson, Electronic. (1980). Identification and Existence Cycle. New York: WW Norton and Organization. Erikson, Electronic. (1993). Childhood and Culture. New York: WW Norton and Company, 242. Erikson, Electronic. (1994). Resource: Lecture Notes and Ego Individuals. PSY (345). Kail, L. and Cavanaugh, J. C. (2004). Human being Development: a life span view (3rd Edition). Belmont FLORIDA: Thomson/Wadsworth, sixteen. Marcia, M. E. (1966). Development and validation of ego identification statuses. Record of Persona and Sociable Psychology. three or more (551-558). Marcia, J. E. (1976). Identification six years after: an autoresponder study. Log of Children and Adolescence. 5 (145-160). Marcia, M. E. (1980). Identity in Adolescence. Guide of Teenagers Psychology. New York: Wiley. Oswalt, A. (1995-2012). Erik Erikson and personal identity. Edited by Zupanick Psychology Department MSW.


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Topic: Contemporary society, Erik Erikson, Their particular,

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Published: 01.13.20

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