Poverty has been a problem in the Thailand since time immemorial. Unfortunately, the amount of Filipinos struggling with the aforementioned cultural problem is increasing every year. This can be in spite of the poverty pain relief interventions becoming implemented by government and lots of civic world groups.
Former President Fastuosidad Macapagal-Arroyo’s nine-year term found the delivery and regarding one of her foremost anti-poverty programs ” the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program ” popularly known as the 4Ps. Pantawid Pamilya is actually a conditional cash transfer program that provides offers for poor families to purchase their foreseeable future by ensuring that mothers and children acquire healthcare and that children go to school.
It is a human creation program from the national authorities that invests in the health and education of poor homeowners, particularly of kids aged 0-14 years old. This software aims to give social assistance and sociable development to its beneficiaries. By providing chance for the development of the young, it envisions to avoid the vicious transmission in the cycle of poverty.
Pantawid Pamilya helps to fulfill the country’s determination to meet the Millennium Advancement Goals.
The aforementioned program has been around for quite some time yet there are still doubts as to the awareness of the beneficiaries about the programs drive, its selection, and its benefits, among others.
It’s the aim of this study to look for the level of understanding of the Pantawid Pamilya beneficiaries in order to present facts that will help the appropriate gov departments implement this software more effectively.
Locale of the Analyze
The study telling the truth of understanding of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program will focus on it is beneficiaries surviving in Barangay Lagao. Lagao was one of the four Settlement Districts created by the National Area Settlement Administration (NLSA) going by the past due General Paulino T. Santos in 1939. The town of Lagao was established on Mar 03, 1939, five (5) days following the first batchers of settlers arrived from Manila through SS Basilan Compania Maritima. It is placed 3. 5 kilometers Northeast of Dadiangas, (Dadiangas was nameless at that time) the port of Koronadal, was your administration centre of distribution of the whole Koronadal job of NLSA. Hence, Basic Santos fantastic office in Lagao were occupied by employees of NLSA. The city of Lagao consisted initially of three (3) barrios namely: initially barrio, second barrio and third suburbio (first suburbio and third barrio had been merged into one, now known as Lagao whilst second barrio became another barangay known as San Isidro).
At present the barangay houses the city’s major malls, numerous banking companies, hospitals, and restaurants, mention just a few. In spite of these types of developments, the barangay is usually home to quite a number of beneficiaries of the government’s 4Ps.
Affirmation of the Problem
The study on the level of understanding of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) in Barangay Lagao, Basic Santos City aims to solution the following inquiries:
1 . Precisely what is the socio-economic profile with the respondents?
m. Educational Attainment
c. Source of Income
d. Volume of Children
electronic. Length(in years) of being a beneficiary
2 . What is the amount of awareness of the respondents when it comes to the program’s:
a. famous background
c. qualifications and selection of the beneficiaries
n. effects around the lives from the respondent
3. Are there significant differences among the list of respondents consciousness with respect to:
w. Educational Achievement
c. Source of Income
d. Range of Children
e. Length of being a beneficiary
Relevance of the Examine
The study will probably be of great contribution to various individuals as well as to social institutions.
The info gathered will help the Office of Sociable Welfare and Development to assess the program and make required alterations in numerous areas, if needed.
The study will provide info that will enrich the reader’s perception about the program and how the beneficiaries perceive it to be.
Overview of Related Literatures and Studies and Conceptual Framework
The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Plan is a human being development program of the countrywide government. Also, it is a cultural protection approach that buys the health and education of poor kids age 0-14 years old. It is widely known because the Philippine conditional cash transfer program. As of January 9, 2013, the program features 3, 843, 502 household beneficiaries and operates in one particular, 605 urban centers and cities in 79 provinces in most 17 locations nationwide. ( http://pantawid.dswd.gov.ph/ )
The program offers focused on two objectives:
1 . Social assistance: provide cash assistance to talk about the short-term financial require. 2 . Cultural development: by investing in capability building they will be capable to break intergenerational poverty routine. The weakest among poor families because identified simply by 2003 Small Area Approximate (SAE) survey of National Statistical Dexterity Board (NSCB) are eligible. The poorest amongst poor will be selected through a proxy-means evaluation. Economic indicators such as title of assets, type of enclosure, education of the household head, livelihood with the family and access to water and sanitation services are web proxy variables to indicate the family members economic category. Additional certification is a home that has children 0″14 years old and/or include pregnant women throughout the assessment and shall acknowledge all the circumstances set by government to the program (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pantawid_Pamilyang_Pilipino_Program).
Pantawid Pamilya is geared towards attaining the five from the eight Centuries Development Goals: (1) Remove extreme lower income and being hungry, (2) Achieve Universal Primary Education, (3) Promote male or female equality and empower ladies, (4) Decrease child fatality, and (5) Improve maternal health, and to promote Department’s commitment to United Nations’ Convention for the Rights of Children. The beneficiaries of the program are the poorest households as determined by the use of the proxy Means Test (PMT). Eligible people are those that have been located to meet the subsequent criteria: ¢ are located inside the municipalities and barangays picked for the Pantawid Pamilya program ” poor family members belonging to the top20 poorest zone in the country and top 75 poorest cities who have kids 0-14 years old or a pregnant mother.
As well, the cash grants or loans alleviate current poverty by providing immediate respite from cash flow problems. Such extra money received on a bimonthly basis is especially necessary for poor homeowners that have irregular or periodic income.
A household with 3 qualified kids receives a subsidy of P1, 400/month during the university months or perhaps P15, 1000 for the whole season for given that they adhere to the conditionalities set by the program. The quantity of grants that they would be getting depends upon all their compliance to the conditions. Beneficiaries receive their particular cash funds through several modes of payment such as Over-the-counter (OTC), Offsite, Funds Card, and G-Cash Remit. ((http://www.fo4b.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/programs-and-services/foreign-assisted-projects/4ps)
Because the implementation of Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Put in 2007, significant developments inside the lives of poor households have already been observed. Increased enrolment among young children and substantial availment of health companies are some of the first positive results. Researches and research also expose that behavioral change and improved perspective in life are some of the outcomes noted to have occurred amount the lives from the beneficiaries which is often attributed to the program. (www.dswd.gov.ph)
In respect to http://www.ncrel.org/sdrs/areas/issues/students/earlycld/ea7lk5.htm, a family’s socioeconomic position is based on relatives income, parent education level, parental occupation, and cultural status in the neighborhood (such while contacts in the community, group associations, and the community’s notion of the family), note Demarest, Reisner, Anderson, Humphrey, Farquhar, and Stein (1993). Family members with substantial socioeconomic position often have more success in preparing their young children intended for school since they routinely have access to an array of resources in promoting and support young kid’s development. They are able to provide their particular young children with high-quality child care, books, and toys to encourage children in various learning activities at home. Also, they may have easy access to information concerning their kids health, and also social, psychological, and intellectual development.
Additionally , families with high socioeconomic status typically seek out data to help them better prepare their particular young children to get school. Parents with low socioeconomic position often lack the economic, social, and educational supports that characterize people with high socioeconomic position. Poor people also may include inadequate or perhaps limited access to community solutions that showcase and support children’s advancement and university readiness.
Parents may include inadequate abilities for such activities as examining to and with their children, and they may well lack info on childhood immunizations and diet. Zill, Collins, West, and Hausken (1995) state that “low maternal education and minority-language status are most consistently associated with fewer signs of growing literacy and a greater number of issues in young children. Having inadequate assets and limited access to obtainable resources may negatively have an effect on families’ decisions regarding their very own young kids development and learning. Because of this, children via families with low socioeconomic status are in greater likelihood of entering pre-school unprepared than their peers from families with median or substantial socioeconomic status.
Dr . Phil cannella Bartle’s Factors of Low income on http://cec.vcn.bc.ca/cmp/modules/emp-pov.htm cited that poverty as being a social issue is a deeply embedded wound that permeates every sizing of culture and culture. It includes continual low levels of income pertaining to members of the community. It includes a lack of usage of services like education, marketplaces, health care, lack of decision making capability, and not enough communal facilities like normal water, sanitation, streets, transportation, and communications. Furthermore, it is a “poverty of soul, that allows members of this community to think in and share despair, pessimism, apathy, and timidity. Low income, especially the factors that lead to it, is known as a social issue, and its remedy is cultural.
The simple transfer of money, even if you should the victims of poverty, will not remove or reduce poverty. It will merely reduce the indications of poverty inside the short run. It is far from a long lasting solution. Lower income as a cultural problem necessitates a cultural solution.
The study uses a lot of conceptual and operational explanations to describe the variables with the study. The partnership among between variables is usually illustrated in Figure 1 .
Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino System is a conditional cash copy program that gives incentives intended for poor households to invest in all their future restoration that mothers and children avail of healthcare and that kids go to institution. As such, it is just a human advancement program that invests in the health and education of children. (http://www.fo4b.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/programs-and-services/foreign-assisted-projects/4ps)
In the research the Pantawid Pamilya is a program getting implemented through the Department of Social Well being and Development throughout the country.
Beneficiaries of the program (per household) will get a total of P6, 500 per year or perhaps P500 each month intended for health insurance and nutrition requires of the relatives such as food, medicine, and vitamins. Pertaining to educational assistance, every household receives a total of P3, 000 per year or P300 per month every child pertaining to 10 a few months a year, into a maximum of a few children every household. (http://www.fo4b.dswd.gov.ph/index.php/programs-and-services/foreign-assisted-projects/4ps)
Beneficiaries happen to be mothers who also met certain requirements set by DSWD no less than six months if continuous or not.
Figure one particular
The study on the level of awareness of the beneficiaries of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Put in Lagao, Standard Santos City has the speculation that the socio-economic profile in the respondents considerably affects their particular awareness. Beneficiaries who are older, with higher educational attainment, steady source of income, and fewer kids most likely have higher understanding compared to all those who have characteristics contrary of those enumerated above.
Meaning of Terms
This kind of study utilized some conceptual and functional definitions to explain the variables of the research.
Awareness can be defined by simply http://www.thefreedictionary.com/awareness since having know-how or cognizance. It indicates knowledge received through one’s own awareness or through information. The study will gauge the knowledge of the respondents regarding the history of the 4Ps, their objectives, certification and collection of its beneficiaries, its rewards, and its effects on the lives of it is beneficiaries.
Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program or 4Ps (formerly Ahon Pamilyang Pilipino) is a conditional cash transfer plan of the Filipino government beneath the Department of Social Well being and Development. It should eradicate intense poverty in the Philippines by purchasing health and education particularly in ages 0″14. It is patterned on programs in other producing countries like Brazil (Oportunidades) and Mexico (Bolsa FamÃlia). The 4Ps program at this point operates in 17 region, seventy nine provinces and 1, 261 municipalities and 138 crucial cities covering 3, 014, 586 home beneficiary.
The word “beneficiaries identifies the persons and the areas that utilize the project results, i. elizabeth., the agencies that development-aid project (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beneficiary).
Chapter a few
Research Design and style and Methods
This chapter presents the procedures adopted in performing the study. This specifies the study design, the respondents with the study, data gathering tools and record treatment.
Methods of Research
This is a quantitative survey examine. It acquires information from the respondents’ response of the set of questions which presents the items in a check-list kind.
Respondents with the Study
The respondents with the study will be the beneficiaries of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino program in Barangay Lagao, General Santos City. The respondents have been beneficiaries no less than six (6) months. In the event eligible participants exceed an overall total of 100, the investigator will use randomly sampling process to identify the respondents.
Info Gathering Tool
The instrument that will be accustomed to gather your data is a check-list questionnaire which the researcher can distribute once the respondents have been completely identified. In the event that vague answers will be provided, the specialist shall speak to the respondent and conduct an interview.
The correct statistical treatment will be used as soon as the data has been gathered.
To the Respondents: Kindly response the following items according to the best of your knowledge. The things enumerated can provide data around the study entitled “Level of Awareness of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Beneficiaries in Lagao, General Santos City.
Instructions: Check the container that corresponds to your response. Refer to the next scale for items underneath II:
4 ” Highly aware
3 ” Moderately mindful
two ” Mindful
you ” Unaware
I. Socio-Economic Profile from the Respondents
Complete Talk about:
Civil Status: _____Single_____Married_____Widow/Widower _____Cohabiting Greatest Educational Achievement:
_____Elementary Level_____High Institution Level_____College Level
_____Elementary Graduate_____High School Graduate_____College Graduate student
Source of Income: _________________________
Quantity of Children: _________________________
II. Awareness of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program |A. |History |4 |3 |2 |1 | |1. |The year it absolutely was implemented | | | | | |2. |The President who have implemented this software | | | | | |3. |The initial beneficiaries | | | | | |B. |Objectives of the System | | | | | |1. |To provide cash assistance | | | | | |2. |To build capability of beneficiaries | | | | | |C. |Selection and Qualifications with the Beneficiaries | |1. |Proxy-Means Test since the way to identify the beneficiaries | | | | | |2. |With children aged zero ” a decade old | | | | | |3.
|Pregnant mother | | | | | |4. |From the very best 20 weakest provinces and top 75 poorest cities in the country | | | | | |5. |DSWD as the main implementer with the program | | | | | |D. |Benefits of the Program | | |3, 000 per year every child while educational assistance | | | | | |2. |Maximum of 3 qualified kids per household | | | | | |3. |6, 000 per year every household intended for health and nutrition needs | | | | | |4. |Cash grants introduced bimonthly | | | | | |E. |Conditions of the Software |
|1. |Regular presence of children at school | | | | | | |Regular medical check-up (for pregnant women) | | | | | |3. |Regular medical check-up of entire friends and family | | | | | |F. |Effects from the Programs | | | | | |1. |Improvement in into the nutrition | | | | | |2. |Decrease in maternal and neo-natal deaths and diseases | | | | | |3. |Improvement in academic performance of children | | | | | |4. |Improvement in way of life | | | | |
A. Electronic Resources
Awareness of the Participants on the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino program
In the Respondents
You can even be interested in this: theory of 4ps beneficiaries