The structured interview, also known as the formal or perhaps questionnaire interview, involves a face-to-face or perhaps alternatively an over-the-phone delivery of a set of questions. Structured interviews use a pre-set list of inquiries designed by the researcher and asked to all interviewees in the same way, this is know as an interview schedule. Interviewees then select from a list of arranged answers, permitting structured selection interviews to be comparatively quick. Organized interviews have various advantages, therefore , a few sociologists, largely Positivist sociologists, choose to use structured interviews the moment conducting study.
Positivists go by the assumption there is a measurable objective interpersonal reality. They get a clinical approach using methods such as structured interviews to obtain quantitative data. Positivists are mainly considering research strategies that accomplish their primary goals of reliability, generalisability and representativeness, for this reason, they will favour methodized interviews as they achieve these goals. It is because structured interviews have close-ended questions and answers which might be standardised, measured and quantified; they are reliable because they might be therefore replicated.
Positivist sociologists as well prefer to use structured selection interviews when doing research since the pre-coded answers mean that generate quantitative data, can allow cause-and-effect relationships can be established. Hence, structured selection interviews are recommended by positivists.
Also, organized interviews happen to be representative and may therefore become generalised, because of the fact that they are often large-scale. In addition there are practical positive aspects to applying structured interviews. For a good example, training interviewers is relatively simple inexpensive because no consultant skills must be taught as the concerns tend to be very simple as they typically close-ended, , nor require excessive thought. Due to the fact that skills taught are little, the process of training interviewers will never cost excessive. This gives a huge functional advantage for sociologists of organised interviews becoming low cost.
One other practical benefits is that organized interviews happen to be relatively low-cost, quick and easy to administer. This enables sociologists to use alarger sample in the interview method, allowing even more representative results to be made. Therefore , the researcher could make generalisations. Simply no only this kind of, but organised interviews have got a higher response rate, than mailed forms for example , even more improving and reinforcing the representative good thing about structured selection interviews.
Furthermore, face to face interviews guarantee a much larger response level than sent questionnaires for example , due to the fact that the researcher’s existence means that the investigation purpose and importance can be explained to potential interviewees, letting them understand how valuable it is that their response is correct and true, as a result increasing validity- an important benefits for sociologists.
Finally interviewer effect occurs when the interviewer’s presence impacts the interviewee’s responses, in return reducing quality. However , the advantage with methodized interviews would be that the interviewer effect with be much less than with unstructured, open-ended unstructured selection interviews. This is due to the fact that in organized interviews get in touch with is restricted to asking and responding set list of inquiries and close-ended answers.
All points considered there are a number of benefits for sociologists in using structured selection interviews in their analysis. However , in saying this kind of, it can also be asserted that there are a also range of disadvantages. For instance , it can be declared there is a deficiency of validity because the researcher decides the questions ahead of time, a lack of trustworthiness as interviewer effect may possibly influence answers, a cost issue due to schooling and lack of knowledge towards very sensitive issues since deadpan way may be quite off-putting and a lack of relationship.
In my opinion, it all depends on whether you are a positivist or a great interpretivist. Certainly, there are some down sides, but I believe that these disadvantages are extremely outweighed by number of advantages that exist for sociologists in applying structured selection interviews in their study.