Consisted of early Philippine literature passed on orally; mouth pieces possess a communal authorship – it was hard to trace the first author with the piece as oral literature did not focus on ownership or perhaps copyright, alternatively on the take action of storytelling itself; – Many oral pieces started to be lost inside the wave of the new fictional influence as a result of the Spanish colonization; nevertheless , according to the Filipino Literature: As well as & Anthology, English Release (Lumbera, M. & Lumbera C. ), the pre-colonial period of Philippine literature is definitely the longest inside the country’s history;
– Literary works in this period is based on custom, reflecting everyday life activities just like housework, farming, fishing, hunting, and caring for the children too; – Mouth pieces told stories which usually explained characters and their activities; they attemptedto explain certain natural trends, and, concurrently, served because entertainment functions;
– Pre-colonial literature demonstrated certain elements that linked the Filipino culture to other Southeast Asian countries (e.
g. oral pieces which were performed by using a tribal move have particular similarities towards the Malay dance); – This era in Philippine literature history represented the ethos of the people prior to the arrival of the huge ethnic influence – literature being a cultural custom, than a type of art that had a particular set of decorum. · Early Forms of Philippine Literature:
um Bugtong (riddles; a bugtong contains a metaphor named, Talinghaga), Salawikain (proverb); u Pre-colonial beautifully constructed wording – Tanaga (expresses a view or a benefit of the world), Ambahan (songs about the child years, human relationships, food; sung by Mangyan), Duplo (verbal jousts/games), Bayok (thoughts about love), Balagtasan (performed on stage); o Epic poetry – romantic characters and heroines that are a mirrored image of the world as perceived by the early Filipinos. · Noteworthy Works in the Pre-colonial Period: o Tuwaang, Lam-ang, Hinilawod, Bantugan
II. Spanish Colonial time Period (Mid-16th – later 19th century) – The Spanish lifestyle, as shown in the works of this books period, demonstrated a battle with the pre-colonial Filipino literary works in the beginning. Yet , due to the length of stay with the colonizers, the Spanish traditions was eventually imbued inside the Filipino literary works of the period; – Religious beliefs became a significant theme that had affected the early Philippine writings which had the presence of paganism – “Christian Folk-Tale”;
– In addition , the influence of religion, besides on the daily life of the natives, was lead by the friar/missionary/parish priest who were appointed by Spanish authorities; – Despite the goal of the Spanish govt to turn the country into a full-on European nest, the Spanish influence ironically inspired a reformation from the natives, which in turn eventually turned into a revolution; – Yet no matter the conflicts that plagued the partnership between the Spaniards and the Filipinos, a sense of nationalism was formed among the oppressed, together caused them to rise up into a nationalistic cause;
– The essay genre was identified amidst the scene of editorial demonstration – Jose Rizal and Plaridel (Marcelo H. Del Pilar) had been among individuals who opt in using the pencil in voicing out the people’s cry rather than the sword; – Introduction in the roman abc that little by little replaced the ‘alibata’; – The Philippine literature of the period became the forerunner of many more literary functions to appear in the ages, wherein the concept of the nationalism and freedom of speech can be evident. · Philippine Materials and Skill during the The spanish language Period:
to Pasyon and Sinakulo (religious dramas performed during the Ay Week); to Narrative Poems – Awit; Corrido; um Komedya – a theatrical performance which will captured the ideal European way of living as described by ancient characters · Notable Performs of the The spanish language Period: um Doctrina Christiana (1593) – the first book ever published inside the Philippines; printed by the Dominican Press; to May Bagyo Mat’ May well Rilim – according to literary historian, Bienvenido Lumbera, is the initial printed literary work in Tagalog; o Ang Mahal em Passion national insurance Jesu Christong P.
Natin na Tola (1704) – eventually known as “Pasyon, ” was authored by Gaspar Aquino de Follon; an example of Christian folk epic in which the love of Jesus Christ was created in relation with the plight of the Filipino folks who were oppressed by the colonizers, as well as the beliefs of a Philippine; o Ninay (1885) – first Filipino novel drafted; Pedro Paterno; o Florante at Laura – Francisco “Balagtas” Baltazar; though you will discover symbols and themes which in turn dictate the protest with the Filipino up against the Spanish regime, it is unsure as to whether or not Balagtas had intended the issue – which was subtly derived from his work – since he left simply no notes or additional bits that may assert the conclusion; um Noli Myself Tangere (1887) and Este Filibusterismo (1891) – Jose Rizal; performs which created an impact around the national consciousness and like for one’s nation against the harassing government with the Spaniards; um La Solidaridad – Propagandist newspaper.
3. American Colonial Period (Late 19th – Mid-20th century) – The gradual fall of the Philippine literature crafted in The spanish language; – The English dialect eventually became the medium of writing and instruction in schools; – As the Spanish colonizers left the in accordance with the Treaty of Paris, the spirit of nationalism plus the desire to be known of independence did not disappear just yet. Rather, these centralizing forces geared into revolting against the fresh colonizers; – During the American colonization period, Philippine books reflected the ethos of its people under a fresh role.
Yet , these everyday experiences within new foreign influence, and also sentiments, were expressed through the English vocabulary; – The Spanish ‘sarsuwela’ was eventually replaced by the ‘drama’; – One main influence with the American job on the Philippine literature is its refining in the context of the content material and the form. Furthermore, due to this broadened know-how on the field of books through the education provided by the American govt, Philippine literature has become higher than a tradition formed by tradition.
It has become a form of art which doing well poets, fictionists, and playwrights continue to build upon and enrich in every generation; – Beginning with Rizal’s use of sociable realism among the major designs for his two main novels, the literature during the American colonization also became an involvement, not just reflecting the Filipino experience – a increased sense of nationalism deeply rooted inside the Filipino satisfaction and lifestyle; – Contrary to in the The spanish language colonization period wherein female writers (e. g. Gregoria de Jesus) were overshadowed by their even more dominant, man contemporaries – as a result of the education only being provided to a selected and privileged couple of – throughout the American career, women have had their possibility to enhance their ability by being knowledgeable on the art. In addition , the growing demand for works authored by Filipina authors is the reaction to the growing audience rising literature by simply females.
· Philippine Literature and Artwork during the American Period: u Short Story o Poems in The english language o Free of charge Verse in Poetry o Drama · Notable Performs of the American Period: to Mga Agos sa Disyerto (1964) – Efren Ur. Abueg, Edgardo M. Reyes, Eduardo Bautista Reyes, Rogelio L. Ordonez and Rogelio R. Sikat; this brief story anthology brought fictional works into the associated with modernism; u Ako ang Daigdig (1940) – Alejandro G. Abadilla; free passage poem; um Sa Dakong Silangan – Jose Corazon de Jesus; a poem written in the vernacular http://lourdesbraceros. weebly. com/a-brief-history-of-philippine-literature-in-english. html
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