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The text between the progress Athenian traditions and the advancement Athenian democracy was close. Culture and politics flowed together in Athens, while the philosophers (from Socrates to Aristotle), the playwrights (from Aeschylus to Euripides) and the statesmen (from Solon to Pericles) all played out fundamental functions in shaping how both equally culture and democracy produced. The playwrights showed the value of worship and of civic duty (Aristophanes in specifically emphasized the duty that Athenians had in civic matters) and Solon and Pericles were instrumental in putting the research for and building up Athens political construction. Plato in the meantime served a pivotal function by composing works responding to the function of government and served to impact the other.
Aeschylus, Socrates and Euripides every present heroes and heroines differently. Euripides presents them most unfortunately and complexly: his Medea is a sympathetic yet monstrously revengeful woman who slays her children to get back at Jason who cruelly leaves her for another woman. Socrates hero Oedipus is definitely strong, confident and a truth-seeker also to the extent that it leads to his very own ruin, whilst Jocasta is usually conniving, enthusiastic about protecting her own – unwilling to have the truth revealed because the girl knows what is going to result. The girl with similar to Aeschyluss Clytemnestra in Agamemnon, yet Clytemnestra is murderous; Cassandra is prophetic and Agamemnon himself is usually lordly and majestic – but helped bring down by his individual faults and his own disregard of his wifes thoughts; thus your woman seeks revenge much just like Euripides Medea.
Nomos meaning law/order and physis discussing nature, the current implications of the debate happen to be truly superb. There are profound political, interpersonal, economic and religious effects to whether gentleman should adhere to nature or follow buy and legislation. The Greeks tended to watch women as representative of physis – mental, strong-willed, ardent; while philosophers promoted nomos – a way of life dedicated towards reaching the one, the excellent, the beautiful, the actual. In modern times, philosophers like Rousseau and Nietzsche shifted culture away from nomos towards physis and nomos became something antiquated: economics, politics, world and faith were most impacted. The West became secular (as it was once Christian for many centuries); the politics went from monarchic to democratic to somewhat kleptocratic; society became broken to a large extent, which partage illustrated by simply poets like T. H. Eliot.
Historic Athenian trial differed from the modern court equivalent in the sense that women were not allowed