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Communication and perception processes

Conversation, Communications, Interaction Barriers, Sexuality Communication

Research from Dissertation:

Communication and Understanding Processes

Conversation models make simpler the points of sophisticated communication relationships

Three versions:

Transmission- a linear verified process where a sender sends a message into a receiver

Participants- senders and receivers of messages

Messages- the spoken and nonverbal content becoming shared

Encoding- turning thoughts into conversation

Decoding- turning communication in to thoughts

Channels- sensory paths through which text messages travel

Boundaries / Noise

Environmental noise- physical noise

Semantic noise- noise in encoding procedure

Interaction- members alternate positions as senders and receivers of text messages

Participants- senders and receivers of emails

Messages- the verbal and non-verbal content material being shared

Encoding- turning thoughts in to communication

Decoding- turning communication into thoughts

Channels- physical routes whereby messages travel

Feedback- messages sent in respond to other messages

Physical context- environmental elements

Psychological context- mental and emotional factors

Transaction- a procedure in which communicators generate cultural realities inside social, relational, and cultural contexts.

Communicators

Simultaneous mailing and receiving of messages

Social context – the norms that guidebook communication

Relational context- the private history between communicators

Social context- contest, gender, nationality, ethnicity, intimate orientation, category, ability and also other cultural factors

Summary: Interaction as Tradition

James Carey discusses Ruben Dewey’s work on communication and appears at its complexness

Communication provides two contrasting definitions in Western thought:

Transmission- conversation is a process whereby communications are sent and allocated in space for the control of length and people

Prominent since the 1920s

Ritual- directed not toward the extension of messages in space nevertheless toward the maintenance of culture in time; certainly not the work of imparting information nevertheless the representation of shared beliefs

Transmission varieties of communication may be linked to religious teachings and conversion

Transportation- a form of interaction with religious implications

The ritual view of interaction is dependent upon culture

Not well established in American scholarship

News is a historical reality, rendering it a form of culture

People equally produce their very own reality and live within the reality that they can produce

To examine communication is always to examine using the social procedure wherein significant symbolic forms are created, apprehended, and utilized

Models of connection are both illustrations of and representations pertaining to communication

Recasting the study of communication in terms of a ritual model will allow for a restorative style that can shape the common culture

Summary: Metatheoretical Perspectives

The various assumptions of positivist (objectivist) and interpretivist paradigms are rooted in controversies that go back to for least the start of the 18th century

The scientific outlook underlying the positivist way is a item of the contemporary world perspective

Shift in authority from religion to science

Paradise is no longer humankind ultimate objective

Giambattista Vico. maintained that human nature had not been static and unalterable; completely no main or fact that continued to be the same regardless of the flow of history.; brought up the idea of ethnical relevancy

Romanticism saw the rise of self-expression in communication

Socialists created a critical intellectual lifestyle in opposition to the liberal perspective of positivism and the conventional perspective of interpretivism

Scientific research and technology, alone, wasn’t able to provide the foundation for the achievement of Utopian seeks

By the 60s, positivism got faded in popularity

The postpositivist paradigm is seen as a two essential continuities with positivism: realism and objectivism.

Realists think that a world exists outside the person mind that is certainly independent of perception.

The real world cannot be completely mapped out and fully realized.

As interpersonal constructionists (interpretivists) maintain, there are many ways of perceiving the world and social organizations do will vary ways of creating their worldviews.

Objectivity continues to be an ideal

Sociable psychological theories in communication include: attribution; social view; elboration likelihood; action assembly theory; constructivism; planning theory; uncertainty decrease; accommodation; expectations violation; social penetration; discussion process examination; and press effects

Interpretive theorists perspective reality like a social building; that is, all of us create truth through conversation

Three necessities of crucial social technology:

Understand taken-for granted devices

Uncover oppressive social conditions

Unity of theory and practice

Positivism and postpositivism

There is one truth

Determinism

Objectivity is the goal

Look for universal laws

Quantitative

Intepretivism

Truth is very subjective

Free can

Acknowledge bias and subjectivity

Understand patterns in framework

Qualitative

Essential approach

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Category: English,

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Published: 12.26.19

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