The Colombian society in Marquez’s ‘Chronicle of a Loss of life Foretold’ is known as a predominant persona throughout the history, it is the alpha dog in the novel as it calls all the pictures for the folks who are in the town. The most distinctive part of contemporary society is that of creating labels. Labeling are created through memories and actions which the society believes ‘defines’ a person. The tags are used substituted with titles, which is how an individual is definitely remembered. The smallness from the town helps to ensure that no storage of a person is at any time forgotten but only reflectivity of the gold further. Labels are dissected according to the society’s cultural values. Labels echo the sexuality expectations made by society as exhibited by Angela Vicario and Bayardo San Roman. Brands mirror the status and role of girls in contemporary society like that in the cook, the prostitute as well as the nuns. Additionally they make us question who have the ‘victim’ is.
Contemporary society is constructed out of a narrow-minded selection of ‘traditional’ thinkers who have upon themselves the right to collection the variables of interpersonal behaviour, philosophy and norms. The labels that they create just aid in separating the people further more down into classes. Certain ‘cults’ for example the ‘cult of virginity, machismo and honour’ happen to be predominant beliefs that support draw the queue within which in turn a certain group must act. The cults of machismo and virginity presuppose that ladies must stick to the conduct a man views as suit, be because pure being a virgin offering herself for sacrifice around the night of her marriage to a man who also thinks himself superior in most forms. The boys are of ‘tough’ calibre, the ‘protectors’ and ‘saviours’ like the Vicario brothers whom ‘restored’ all their sisters “honour. It is the irony of the fortune of women that they are labelled since commodities: virgins and whores, low class and high class, fresh and stale.
One of the most prominent break down in world is that of the genders. Angela Vicario is one such “beautiful entity that was ‘returned’ by Bayardo because the girl breaks out of your social best practice rules by losing her virginity and her ‘honour’ (prevailing conflict and theme through the entire novel) to a man away of wedlock. ‘Returned’ shows that she is flawed hence may not be married into a macho person or approved by world. The word ‘beautiful’ reflects society’s shallowness although judging females. No wonder the ladies are commoditized into epithets such as beautiful, virgins and pure, certainly not unlike the virgin petrol, the virgin forests and the virgin wool in the Latina American contemporary society. Bayardo San Roman, “the man who also returned his bride, was justified in his shameful tendencies toward Angela as being a man he should get a fresh and a virgin mobile woman. Through the text translated by Rabassa there are undercurrents of the ironical tone adopted by Marquez when he insinuates that it is perfect duty of any woman to hold her “treasure box unchanged for her partner to enjoy him self of it! It is very ironical a woman is judged by the label the lady wears, and she need to make sacrifice her sexuality, her desires and her directly to lead her life by using an equal ground with man. One of the main concerns of Marquez behind composing this historic novel within a fictionalized edition is to make the reader aware about the dual standards applicable in the Columbian culture.
As seen on most Latin American societies, the role in the Columbian ladies is dedicated to marriage plus the ‘perfect’ bride, “the young ladies had been reared to receive married1. Reared links to domestication of animals, and ‘returned’ shows the categorization of women in “goods intended for the convenience from the male centered society. Matrimony has nothing to do with matchmaking of the center but instead with ‘fortunes’, shown simply by Bayardo and Santiago Nasar. Angela lives in a family of “scant resources7 whereas Bayardo “swims in gold. As a result Angela is without choice but to marry him since status and endurance in the town is more significant than love as in the eyes of her mother, Purisima de Carmen “Love can be learned. 9 The fortune and the social position of a gentleman is what is important in this culture. Under these circumstances, certainly, Angela carries the marking “married forever1. The word “forever has a feeling of bad, it gives an expression that the female is trapped in the leaf spring shackles of the culture until her end. The respect code and the cult of virginity engulf the woman in such a vicious group that possibly after Angela is deserted by Bayardo, she will have no suitor on her as the girl bears an additional label: deserted and forsaken. M Marquez draws the interest of the visitor to the current misconception in the society that the character of your woman is a true reflection of her inner self. The status of a girl is no unlike “a butterfly with no will10. The simile reflects her beauty as well as her fragility and defenselessness in world.
Marquez gives us a tip into this evil contemporary society through his art of characterization also. Each personality bears a label in the society, with out wonder it a woman holds is a reflection of her social ranking. Placida Linero, for example , has a “well received reputation as being a dream interpreter12, a fact suggesting that your woman was accepted and respected in society. Marquez repeatedly telephone calls Victoria Guzman “the cook6, and the woman who comes to ask for dairy as “the milk beggar11. Such labeling of character types shows Marquez’s journalistic design seeping in, wherein he simply states the fact. The “milk beggar is just virtually any milk guttersnipe in contemporary society and is called nothing even more. This way someone understands the role and position of the character without having to decipher this from between tedious explanations. The language and diction reflects society’s look at of the characters.
The narrator who gleans his info through his various interviews with the townfolks labels Divina Flor since the “servant girl. Santiago himself labeled as the “hawk and lovemaking objectification of women. Against the position of her birthright, her physically attractive qualities happen to be of better concern to him. Maria Alejandrina Cervantes, the ‘prostitute’ is another sort of a woman who have gets her social standing up from her sex charm. It is sarcastic that in spite of being a prostitute in a Catholic dominant area she is more respected than any other female ‘of class’ in world not only since her identity echoes that of Mother Mary’s but likewise because she has an “apostolic lap. Is she even more sacred than those who the actual cult of virginity? Could be yes! Her prerogative that she may act exterior these boundaries is what makes her so particular. Marquez features that considering that the men from the society, they create the barriers as well as the labels in the society, in order to satiate all their vast sex appetite and enjoy their patriarchal roles.
Marquez dwells within the socio-cultural beliefs of the townfolks by elucidating the destiny of the “sufferer in the area. The people not simply delight in their laxity yet also in the sufferings from the victim. Whether it is Angela or Santiago, the townfolks decide them to their very own fates under no circumstances once planning to judge all their guilt or perhaps innocence. In accordance to all of them a patient must suffer at the hands of the plaintiff. No-one bothers to question whether Santiago was the one who had taken Angela’s virginity. All that they know is that the woman need to suffer as she rebelled against the virginity norms as well as the man because he violated her honor. Yet , Bayardo can be exempted from this punishment when he is certainly not found doing breaking virtually any cult. He could be neither a great offender neither a violator, and no question the people sympathize with him. The sole person who looks at Santiago a victim is usually his best friend, the narrator. “For him, the victim’s very tendencies during his last hours was mind-boggling proof of his innocence. But for others Santiago holds it of the “perpetrator, a idea that tarnishes his image forever.
Marquez follows a laconic style wherein with the use of adjectives of age and social class along with labeling he ties the image in the character completely. Women are further labeled according to age. Aged women possess differentiated adjectives as compared to the girls in their youngsters. Santiago’s mother, Placida Linero is described as “solitary2, suggesting that although she’s committed she’s only. Purisima del Carmen, Angela’s mother is definitely described as ‘sacrificial’8 which can be related to being hitched forever. Angela on the other hand is usually described as “the beautiful girl3 while Divina Flor is definitely described to be “coming in to bloom4 and “untamed4. It can be noteworthy that Angela getting of a bigger socio-class than Divina can be described as stylish and eye-catching whereas the ‘servant girl’ is depicted as a sexual object. The diction connected with each label and era reflects socio- cultural values about women- younger females are coveted and sexually appealing but older and married women are described as unfavorable.
Marquez by making use of labels displays society’s prejudiced cultural morals about girls. They are things that must keep labels just like old or young, desired or unfavorable and real or corrupted. A woman qualified prospects her lifestyle trapped within a vicious group of friends imposed on her by males, and if the girl dares to offer a words to her identification and libido, she is indubitably going to become called “damaged goods.