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A short consideration of the destruction of the

Bartolome sobre Las Casa A Brief Bank account of the Break down of the Indies Preparers remarks: 1) Although original title does not can be found in this edition, this is (apart from the preface) a translation of: Brevisima relacion de la destruccion de las Indias, by Bartolome de todas las Casas, at first published in Seville in 1552. 2) The original archaic spelling and punctuation has become retained] POPERY Genuinely Displayd in its Bloody Colours:

Or, a faithful NARRATIVE OF THE Horrid and Unexampled Massacres, Butcheries, and all manner of Cruelties, that Hell and Malice may invent, committed by the Popish Spanish Party on the habitants of West-India TOGETHER With the Devastations of many Kingdoms in America by Open fire and Blade, for the room of 40 and Couple of years, from the time of its initial Discovery simply by them. Composed first in Spanish by Bartholomew de las Viviendas, a Bishop there, and Eye-Witness of all of these Barbarous Cruelties, afterward Translated by simply him into Latin, after that by various other hands, in High-Dutch, Low-Dutch, French, now Taught of talking Modern English language. – London, Printed pertaining to R.

Hewson at the Top in Cornhil, near the Stocks-Market. 1689. POPERY Truly Displayd in itsBloody Colours: Or, a devoted NARRATIVE OF THEHorrid and Unexampled Anéantissements, Butcheries, and everything manner of Cruelties, that Heck and Plaisanterie could invent, committed by the Popish Spanish Party on the inhabitants of West-India TOGETHERWith the Devastations of several Kingdoms in the usa by Flames and Blade, for the space of 40 and 2 years, from the time of its firstDiscovery by all of them. THE ARGUMENT OF THIS STORY By way of PREFACE TO THE VISITOR.

The Reverend Author of the Compendious Synopsis was Bartholomaeus de las Casas alias-name Casaus, a Pious and Religeous person, (as appears by his zealous Transports in this Narrative for advertising of the Christian Faith) raised from a Frier with the Dominican In an attempt to sit in the Episcopal Couch, who was frequently importuned when i say good and Learned Men, particularly Historians, to Publish this Summary, who so prevailed with him, that he Collected out of this copious Background which might and ought to be written on this subject, the articles of this succinct Treatise with intention to display unto the World the Enormities, c. he Spaniards dedicated in America throughout their residence presently there, to their everlasting ignominy, and for the author finding that no Admonitions or Reprehensions, how mild soever could operate after or kitchen sink into the rocky-hearted Tyrants in those Occidental parts, he therefore took up a firm image resolution, being after that about 50 years of age (as he himself declares) to perform the Hazards and Hazards by Sea, and the Risque of a long voyage in Spain presently there to familiarize and Certifie the most Illustrious Prince Phillip the Child and Inheritor of his Imperial Majesty Charles the Fifth of Blessed Storage, with the Pudgy crimes, c. erpetrated in those countries, part whereof he had viewed, and part heard from just like boasted of their Wickedness. Whereupon his Caeserean Majesty transferred with a sensitive and Christian compassion to these Residents of the Countries of America, languishing intended for want of redress, this individual called a Council at Valedolid, Anno Dom. 1542. onsisting of Discovered and In a position Men, in order to the reformation of the West-Indian government, and took such a training course, that as a result time their particular Tyranny and cruelty against those Barbarians was to some degree repressed, and others Nations in a few measure shipped from that irresistible and more after that Aegyptian Bondage, or at least the Spaniards unwell usage and treatment of the Americans was alleviated and abated.

This guide mostly Traditional, part Typographical, was Posted first by Author in Spanish by Sevil, there after Translated into Latin on his own, and in process of time into High Nederlander, Low Nederlander, French and now English, which can be the 6th Language it is often taught of talking, that any individual of what Nation soever might from this Narrative think about and see as in a mirror the dismal and pernitious ruits, that lacquey and go to unlimited and close fisted Avarice, and thereby Discover how to abhor and detest this, Cane pejus angue: it being the predominant and chiefest motive to the commission rate of these kinds of inexpressible Outrages, as throughout part are faintly, not really fully showed. Which trouble the Pagan Indians themselves did exprobate in the Spaniards with all Detestation, Ignominy and Disgrace: to get when they had taken a lot of them Prisoners (which was rarely) they bound them side and ft ., laid all of them on the ground, and then pouring dissolved Gold straight down their Throats, cried out and called to them aloud in derision, deliver, throw up thy Gold To Christian!

Vomit and spew out the Mettal which hath so inqinated and invenomd both Physique and Spirit, that hath staind and infected that they mind with desires and contrivances, and thy hands with Commission of this sort of matchless Enormities. I will then shut up all this, becoming but an Extract of precisely what is in the Prefatory part of the First.

I earnestly beg and desire almost all Men to be perswaded, this summary had not been published upon any non-public Design, sinister ends or affection in favor or misjudgment of virtually any particular Nation, but for the publick Emolument and Good thing about all accurate Christians and moral Males throughout the entire World. THE CRUELTIES OF THE Spaniards Fully commited in AMERICA. America was learned and found away Ann. Dom. 1492, and the Year insuing inhabited by Spaniards, and afterward a multitude of them went thither by Spain to get the space of Nine and Forty Years.

Their first attempt was on the Spanish Island, which indeed is a most fertile garden soil, and at within great status for its Spaciousness and Duration, containing in Circumference 1000 Miles: Nay it is on all sides surrounded with an almost innumerable number of Islands, which we identified so well peopled with Natives and Forreigners, that there is scarce any Region in the Universe fortified with so many Inhabitants: But the primary Land or Continent, far away from this Area Two Hundred and Fifty A long way and up wards, extends it self over Ten Thousand Miles long near the sea-shore, which Royaume are some of all of them already discoverd, and more might be found out in process of time: And such a variety of People inhabits these Countries, that it seems as if the Allgewaltig God has Assembled and Convocated the major part of The human race in this portion of the World. This infinite great number of Men are by the

Creation of Our god innocently simple, altogether void of and averse to all method of Craft, Subtlety and Plaisanterie, and most Obedient and Loyal Themes to their Native Sovereigns, and behave themselves very patiently, sumissively and quietly towards the Spaniards, to whom they are subservient and subject matter, so that finally they live without the least thirst after revenge, putting aside most litigiousness, Commotion and hatred. This is a most young and chicken people, and thus imbecile and unequal-balanced temper, that they are entirely incapable of hard labour, in addition to few years, simply by one Distemper or other soon expire, so that the incredibly issue of Lords and Princes, who among us experience great affluence, and fard deliciously, are not more effminate and tender than the Children of their Husbandmen or Labourers: This Land is very Necessitous and Indigent, Masters of very slimmer Possessions, and therefore, neither Haughty, nor Driven.

They are parsimonious in their Diet plan, as the Holy Dads were in their frugal existence in the Wasteland, known named Eremites. Each goes naked, having no various other Covering but what conceals their Pudends by publick sight. An furry Plad, or loose Coat, about an Ell, or a coarse woven Cloth at most of the Two Ells long provides them to get the perfect Winter Garment. They lye on a rough Rug or Matt, and others that have the most plentiful Estate or Fortunes, the better sort, employ Net-work, knotted at the 4 corners instead of Beds, that this Inhabitants with the Island of Hispaniola, inside their own right Idiom, term Hammacks. The boys are pregnant and docible.

The residents tractable, and capable of Morality or perhaps Goodness, incredibly apt to obtain the instilld rules of Catholick Religion, nor are they against to Calmness and good Manners, staying not so much discomposd by various Obstructions, as the rest of Mankind, insomuch, that having suckt in (if I may so express my self) the the very first Rudiments of the Christian Trust, they are thus transported with Zeal and Furvor in the exercise of Ecclesiastical Sacraments, and Keen Service, the very Religiosos themselves, stand in need from the greatest and many signal tolerance to undergo this kind of extream Transfers. And to conclude, I my personal self heard the Spaniards themselves (who dare not assume the Confidence to deny the great Nature praedominant in them) declare, that there was nothing wanting in them to get the acquisition of Eternal Beatitude, but the sole Knowledge and Understanding of the Deity.

The Spaniards initially assaulted the innocent Sheep, so certified by theAlmighty, as is prementiond, like most terrible Tygers, Wolves and Lions hunger-starvd, learning nothing, intended for the space of Forty Years, following their initially landing, however the Massacre of such Wretches, to whom they have therefore inhumanely and barbarously butcherd and harassd with a great deal of Torments, hardly ever before noted, or observed (of which you shall have some account in the following Discourse) that of Three Millions of Individuals, which lived in Hispaniola itself, there is at present but the inconsiderable remnant of scarce Three Hundred. Nay the Isle of Cuba, which in turn extends because far, since Valledolid vacation is isolated from Ancient rome, lies at this point uncultivated, like a Desert, and intombd in its own Damages. You may also find the Isles of St John, and Jamaica, equally large and fruitful areas, unpeopled and desolate.

The Lucayan Islands on the North Side, next to Hispaniola and Cuba, which can be Sixty in number, or thereabout, as well as with these, vulgarly noted by the name of the big Isles, and more, the most sterile whereof, is greater than the Noble Garden of Sevil in fruitfulness, a most Nutritious and enjoyable Climat, has become laid waste and uninhabited, and whereas, when the Spaniards first arrivd here, regarding Five Hundred Thousand Men dwelt in it, they are now shut down, some by simply slaughter, yet others ravished aside by Power and Assault, to work in the Mines of Hispanioloa, which was destitute of Indigenous Inhabitants: For the certain Ship, sailing to this Isle, for the end, the fact that Harvest getting over (some good Christian, moved with Piety and Pity, undertook this hazardous Voyage, to convert Spirits to Christianity) the remaining gleanings might be gathered up, there are only discovered Eleven Persons, which I noticed with my own Eyes. There are other Destinations Thirty in number, and upward bordering upon the Isle of St . John, totally unpeopled, all that are above Two Thousand a long way in Lenght, and yet remain without Residents, Native, or People. As to the firm property, we are absolutely satisfied, and assurd, that the Spaniards by their barbarous and execrable Actions have totally depopulated Eight Kingdoms, of greater magnitude than almost all Spain, with the Kingdoms of Arragon and Portugal, frankly, above 1000 Miles, which usually now lye wast and desolate, and therefore are absolutely wrecked, when while formerly no other Region whatsoever was more populous.

Nay we all dare boldly affirm, that during the Forty Years space, wherein they exercised their sanguinary and abominable Tyranny during these Regions, over Twelve Millions (computing Men, Women, and Children) possess undeservedly perished, nor should i conceive which i should deviate from the Truth by saying above Forty five Millions in all paid their particular last Financial debt to Character. Those that arrivd at these kinds of Islands in the remotest regions of Spain, and who pride themselves in the Name of Christians, steerd Two courses principally, in order to the Extraction, and Exterminating of this Persons from the encounter from the Earth. The first whereof was elevating an unjust, sanguinolent, vicious War.

The other, by simply putting these to death, whom hitherto, thirsted after their very own Liberty, or perhaps designd (which the most Strong, Strenuous and Magnanimous State of mind intended) to recoup their pristin Freedom, and shake off the Shackles of so injurious a Captivity: For they being taken off in War, non-e but Women and Children were permitted to savor the benefit of that Country-Air, in whom they were doing in being successful times lay down such great Yoak, that the very Brutes were more comfortable than that they: To which Two Species of Cruelty as subalternate things to the Genus, the other many Courses that they took to extirpate and makes a destitute People, could possibly be reduced and referrd. Right now the ultimate end and range that incited the Spaniards to project the Extirptaion and Desolation of this People, was Precious metal only, that thereby growing opulent in a short time, they might get to once atsuch Degrees and Dignities, while were simply no wayes according to their Individuals.

Finally, more simply, their Goal and Greed, than that the heart of Man never entertained higher, and the huge Wealth of all those Regions, the Humility and Patience of the Inhabitants (which made their particular approach to these kinds of Lands more facil and easie) performed much promote the business: Whom they so despicably contemned, that they remedied them (I speak of items which I was an Eye Witness of, without the least fallacy) less Beasts, which I cordially desired they would, but as the most shoddy dung and filth of the Earth, therefore sollicitous we were holding of their Life and Heart, that the aforementioned number of People passed away without understanding the true Trust or Sacraments. And this also is as genuinely true as the praecendent Narration (which the very Tyrants and cruel Murderers are not able to deny without the stigma of your lye) the fact that Spaniards by no means received any injury in the Indians, nevertheless that they somewhat reverenced them as People descended from Heaven, right up until that they had been compelled to take up Arms, provoked thereunto by simply repeated Accidents, violent Torments, and injust Butcheries. – Of the Isle HISPANIOLA.

Through this Isle, which will, as we have said, the Spaniards first experimented with, the bloody slaughter and destruction of Men initially began: because violently compelled away Ladies and Children to create them Slaves, and ill-treated them, eating and wasting their Meals, which they experienced purchased with great perspire, toil, and yet remained disappointed too, which every one in respect to his strength and ability, which was extremely inconsiderable (for they supplied no different Food than was essential to support Nature without superfluity, freely bestowd on them, and one individual Spaniard consumed even more Victuals in one day, than would in order to maintain Three Families monthly, every one composed of Ten People.

Now staying oppressed by simply such evil usage, and afflicted with such greate Torments and violent Entertainment that they began to understand that such Men as these had not all their Mission via Heaven, and for that reason some of them conceald their Conditions and others with their Wives and Children in lurking openings, but some, in order to avoid the obdurate and terrible temper of this Nation, sought their Retreat on the craggy tops of Mountains, to get the Spaniards did not just entertain them with Cuffs, Blows, and wicked Cudgelling, nevertheless laid chaotic hands likewise on the Governours of Towns, and this arrivd at duration to that elevation of Temerity and Impudence, that a specific Captain was so audacious as misuse the Consort of the most puissant King from the whole Department. From which time they began to consider by what wayes and means they may expel the Spaniards out of their Countrey, and right away took up Hands. But , good God, what Arms, do you imagin?

Namely such, the two Offensive and Defensive, since resemble Reeds wherewith Kids sport with one another, more than Macho Arms and Weapons. That this Spaniards zero sooner perceived, but they, attached to generous Steeds, well weapond with Sagaie and Swords, begin to workout their weakling Butcheries and Strategems, and overrunning all their Cities and Towns, spard no Era, or Sex, nay not really as Ladies with Child, but ripping up all their Bellies, tore them in in items. They laid Wagers amongst themselves, who have should which has a Sword by one hit cut, or divide a Man in two, or which ones should decollate or behead a Man, together with the greatest dexterity, nay farther, which should sheath his Blade in the Bowels of a Man with the quickest dispatch and expedition.

That they snatcht fresh Babes from the Mothers Breasts, and then dasht out the minds of those innocents against the Stones, others they will cast in to Rivers scoffing and jeering them, and calld after their Bodies when slipping with derision, the true account of their Rudeness, to come to these people, and inhumanely exposing other folks to their Merciless Swords, along with the Mothers that gave these people Life. That they erected particular Gibbets, significant, but low made, in order that their toes almost reacht the ground, every one of which was therefore orderd regarding bear 13 Persons in Honour and Reverence (as they said blasphemously) of our Redeemer and his 14 Apostles, under which they manufactured a Fire to burn them to Ashes whilst hanging on them: But all those they meant to preserve surviving, they dismissd, their Hands half slice, and still dangling by the Epidermis, to carry their Letters avertissement to those that travel from all of us and ially sculking on the Mountains, because an exprobation of their air travel.

The Lords and Individuals of Commendable Extract had been usually exposd to this kind of Death, they orderd Gridirons to be positioned and recognized with wooden Forks, and putting a little Fire beneath them, these miserable Wretches by degrees and with loud Shreiks and delightful Torments, eventually Expird. We once observed Four or Five of their most Powerful Lords laid on these Gridirons, and thereon roasted, and not far off, 2 or 3 more over-spread with the same Commodity, Guys Flesh, but the shrill Clamours which were noticed there being unpleasant to the Captain, by hindring his Paix, he instructed them to be strangled which has a Halter. The Executioner (whose Name and oldsters at Sevil are not unidentified to me) prohibited the doing than it, but stopt Gags to their Mouths to stop the reading of the noises (he him self making the Fire) till that they coloured, when they have been roasted provided that he thought convenient.

I was an Eye-Witness of these and and many Number of different Cruelties: And because all Guys, who can lay hold of the opportunity, sought out lurking gaps in the Mountain range, to avoid while dangerous Stones so Brutish and Philistine a People, Other people to all Many advantages, and the Extirpaters and Adversaries of Males, they carefully bred up these kinds of fierce hunting Dogs while would devour an Indian like a Hog, at first sight within just a moment: Today such kind of Slaughters and Cruelties as these were dedicated by the Curs, and if without notice it hapned, (which was rarely) which the Indians annoyed upon a just account destroyd or took away the life span of any Spaniard, they promulgated and proclaimd this Law included in this, that One 100 Indians will need to dye for each individual Spaniard that should be slain. Of the Kingdoms contained in Hispaniola. This Department of Hispaniola was made from Six of their greatest Kingdoms, and as a large number of most Puissant Kings, to whose Empire almost all the other Lords, whose Amount was unlimited, did spend their Devotedness.

One of these Kingdoms was named Magua, symbols of a Advertising campaign or open Country, which can be very visible, if anywhere in the World deserves acquiring notice of, and unforgettable for the pleasantness of its Circumstance, for it is definitely extended from South to North 80 Miles, in breadth Five, Eight, and some parts Ten A long way in length, and it is on the sides inclosed with all the highest Mountains, above 25 Thousand Rivers, and Rivulets water her Coasts, 12 of which prodigious Number do not yield in most in magnitude to those well-known Rivers, the Eber, Duer, and Guadalquivir, and all these Rivers which have their Resource or Planting season from the Mountains lying Westerly, the number whereof is 20 Thousand) are incredibly rich in Puits of Precious metal, on which Mountain lies the Province of rich Puits, whence the exquisite Platinum of 24 Caracts pounds, takes denomination.

The Full and God of this Kingdom was named Guarionex, whom governed in the Compass of his Dominions so many Sujet and Effective Lords, that each one of them was able to bring in to the Field 16 Thousand Troops for the service of Guarionex all their Supream Master and Soverain, when summoned thereunto. Many of which I was knowledgeable about. This was a most Obedient Prince, endued with wonderful Courage and Morality, the natural way of a Pacifick Temper, and many devoted to the service of the Castilian Nobleman. This King commanded and ordered his Subjects, that all one of those Lords under his Jurisdiction, will need to present him with a Bells full of Rare metal, but in being successful times, within perform that, they were told to cut it in two, and complete one component therewith, pertaining to the Occupants of this Isle were altogether inexperienced, and unskillful in Mine-works, plus the digging Gold out of them.

This Caiu proferred his Service to the King of Castile, on this Condition, that he would take good care, that those Countries should be grown and manurd, wherein, during the reign of Isabella, Full of Castile, the Spaniards first set ground and fixed all their Residence, increasing in length evento Santo Domingo, the space of Fifty Miles. For he declard (nor wasit a Fallacie, but the absolute Truth, ) that his Subjects understood not the sensible use of looking in Glowing Mines. Where promises he had readily and voluntarily condescended, to my very own certain understanding, and so by this means, the King might have received the Annual Income of 3 Millions of Spanish Crowns, and upward, delete word at that extremely time in that Island Forty five Cities even more ample and spacious than Sevil this self in Spain.

But what earnings by way of Remuneration and Incentive did earning this so Clement and Benign Monarch, can you imagine, simply no other nevertheless this? They put the greatest Indignity upon him imaginable inside the person of his Consort who was violated by a Spanish Captain altogether unworthy of the Name of Christian. He might indeed likely expect to discuss with a easy time and chance of revenging this Ingominy so unjuriously thrown after him by simply preparing Armed forces Forces to attaque him, but he rather made a decision to abscond inside the Province De los Ciquayos (wherein a Puissant Vassal and subject of his Ruled) devested of his Estate and Empire, and there live and dye an exile.

Nevertheless the Spaniards acquiring certain info, that he had absented himself, connived not anymore at his Concealment nevertheless raised Warfare against him, who had received them with so great humanity and kindness, and having initially laid squander and destitute the whole Area, at last found, and had taken him Hostage, who getting bound in Fetters was conveyd on side of a deliver in order to his transfretation to Castile, like a Captive: however the Vessel perished in the Journey, wherewith various Spaniards were also lost, as well as a great weight of Rare metal, among which in turn there was a prodigious Ingot of Platinum, resembling a sizable Loaf of Bread, weighing 3600 Crowns, Thus it pleased Goodness to revenge their enormous impieties.

Another Kingdom was named Marien, where there is always to this day a Haven, upon the utmost instructions of the Plain or open Countrey toward the North, more fertil and large compared to the kingdom of Portugal, and also deserving regular and regular Inahbitants: For this abounds with Mountains, and is rich in Souterrain of Platinum and Orichalcum, a kind of Copper mineral Mettal mixt with Gold, The Nobleman name with this place was Guacanagari, who had many powerful Lords (some whereof weren’t unknown to me) underneath his subjection. The initial that landed in this Empire when he uncovered America was an Admiral well stricken in years, who had therefore hospitable and sort a reception from the aforesaid Gracanagari, and all those Spaniards that supported him for the reason that Voyage, supplying hem most imaginable support and assisstance (for the admirals boat was sunk on their Coasts) that I read it from his very own mouth, he could not quite possibly have been interested with higher Caresses and Civilities via his very own parents in his own Native Country. Although this California king being forced to fly in order to avoid the Spanish slaughter and Cruelty, deprived of all having been Master of, died inside the Mountains, and all the rest of the Potentates and Hobereau, his subject matter, perished in this servitude and Vassalage, as you shall find in this subsequent Treatise. The Third Kingdom was distinguished by Appellation of Maquana, one more admirable, healthful and fruitful Region, exactly where at present the most refined sugars of the Isle is made. Caonabo then ruled there, who surmounted all of the rest in Power, Express, and the wonderful Ceremonies of His Authorities.

This King beyond every expectation was surprizd in his own Structure, by the wonderful subtilty and industry of the Spaniards, and after carried on board in order to his transportation to Castile, but there being during those times six Boats Riding in the Haven, and ready to set Sail such an impetuous storm suddenly arose, that they plus the Passengers and Ships Team were all lost, combined with King Canabao loaded with Irons, by which thinking the Luminous declared that this was because unjust and impious a great Act as any of the former. This type had 3 to 4 Brothers in that case Living, Guys of power and Valour, who being highly incensed at the Captivity of their Ruler and Buddy, to which having been injuriously reducd, having as well intelligence in the Devastations and Butcheries determined by the Spaniards in other Locations, and not long after hearing with their Brothers loss of life, took up Arms to revenge themselves from the Enemy, which the Spaniards met with, and certain get together of Horse (which demonstrated very offensive to the Indians ) produced such damage and slaughter among them, the half of this kind of Kingdom was laid waste materials and depopulated.

Xaraqua is a Fourth Kingdom, and as this were the Centre and Middle of the complete Island, and it is not to be equalled for fluency of Speech and politeness of Idiom or perhaps Dialect simply by any Occupants of the other Kingdoms, and in Insurance plan and Values transcends them. Herein the Lords and Peers abounded, and the extremely Populace did in in stature and habit of Body: Their very own King was Behechio by simply name and who had a Sister referred to as Anacaona, and both the Close friend as well as Sis had filled the Spaniards with Benefits and single acts of Civility, and by delivering them from the noticeable and apparent danger of Death, would signal companies to the Castilian Kings.

Behechio dying the supreme benefits of the Kingdom droped to Anacaona: But it hapned one day, that the Governour of an Island, joined by 70 Horse, and 30 Foot (now the Cavalry was sufficiently capable to unpeople not only the Region, but as well the whole Continent) he summoned about 300 Dynastas, or Noblemen to appear before him, and instructed the most highly effective of them, being first crouded into a Thatcht Barn or perhaps Hovel, to get exposed to the fury in the merciless Flames, and the others to be pierced with Javelot, and tell you with the stage of the Blade, by a great number of Men: And Anacaona her self who (as all of us said just before, ) swayd the Imperial Scepter, to her greater exclusive chance was hanged on a Gibbet.

And if it fell away that anyone instigated simply by Compassion or Covetousness, would entertain any kind of Indian Boys and mount them upon Horses, in order to avoid their Killing, another was appointed to follow them, who ran these people through the again or in the hinder parts, and if they will chanced to escape Death, and fall to the ground, that they immediately cut-off his Lower limbs, and when some of those Indians, that survived these Barbarous Massacres, betook themselves to an Isle 8 miles faraway, to escape all their Butcheries, these were then dedicated to servitude during Life. The Fifth Kingdom was Hiquey, over whom Queen Hiquanama, a superannuated Princess, whome the Spaniards Crucified, would preside and Govern. The number of those I could see here burned up, and dismembered, and rackt with various Torments, as well as others, the poor Remnants of such matchless Villanies, who enduring were enslaved, is infinite.

But since so much could possibly be said regarding the Assassinations and Depopulating of those people, because cannot with no great difficulty be printed in Writing (nor do I have a baby that one vulnerable part of multitude of that is in this article contained could be fully displayed) I will just add one remark more of the prementioned Battles, in lieu of a Corollary or Conclusion, and aver upon my Notion, that in spite of all the above-named Injustice, profligate Enormities and also other Crimes which I omit, (tho sufficiently proven to me) the Indians would not, nor was it in their power to offer any higher occasion to get the Commission rate of them, than Pious Religiosos Living in a proper regulated Monastic Life would afford for any Sacrilegeous Evil doers to deny them with their Goods and Life as well, or why they whom by trip avoided fatality should be detaind in everlasting, not to become ransomd Captivity and Slavery. I adde farther, that I really imagine, and was satisfied by certain indisputable conjectures, that at the very juncture of time, when each one of these outrages were commited from this Isle, the Indians weren’t so much doing one single persona sin of Commission resistant to the Spaniards, that might deserve by any Person revenge or perhaps require satisfaction.

And as for all those sins, the punishment whereof God hath reserved to himself, as the immoderate desire of Revenge, Hate, Envy or inward rancor of Nature, to which they might be transported againstsuch Capital Enemies as the Spaniards had been, I assess that very handful of them may justly always be accused of which, for their impetuosity and vitality I speak experimentally, was inferior to this of Children of ten or perhaps twelve years of age: and this I am able to assure you, that the Indians had ever a merely cause of bringing up War resistant to the Spaniards, and the Spaniards on the other hand never elevated a only was against them, but what was even more injurious and groundless then simply any performed by the most detrimental of Tyrants. All which I affirm coming from all their different Transactions and passages in the united states.

The Warlike Engagements being over, plus the Inhabitants most swept apart, they divided among the Young Men, Ladies, and Children reserved promiscuously for that goal, one obtained thirty, another forty, to this Man a hundred were got rid of, to the different two hundred, as well as the more 1 was in prefer with the domineering Tyrant (which they created Governor) a lot more he became Master of, upon this pretence, and because of this Proviso, that he will need to see these people instructed in the Catholick Religion, when as they themselves who they were committed to be trained, and the proper care of their Spirits instructed all of them were, intended for the major portion Idiots, Cruel, Avaritious, contaminated and tarnished with all sorts of Vices.

Which was the superb care they had of them, that they sent the Males for the Mines to dig and bring aside the Precious metal, which is an intollerable labor, but the Women they utilized to Manure and Until the ground, the toil many irksome even to Guys of the most powerful and most solid constitutions, permitting them not any other food but Pacage, and such sort of unsubstantial nutriment, so that the Nursing Womens Milk was exsiccated and so dryed up, that the young Babies latelybrought out, all perished, and females being separated from anddebarred cohabitation with Guys, there was not any Prolification or raising up issue included in this. The Men died in Puits, hunger deprived and oppressed with labor, and the Ladies perished in the Fields, stressed and busted with the just like Evils and Calamities: Hence an infinite number of Inhabitants that formerly peopled this Tropical isle were exterminated and dwindled away to nothing by simply such Consumptions.

They were compelled to carry burthens of eighty or one hundred pound pounds, and that a great hundred or maybe more hundred mls compleat: as well as the Spaniards were born simply by them within the Shoulders in a pensil Automobile or Carriage, or kind of Beds manufactured from Net-work by Indians, pertaining to in Truth they will made use of all of them as Beasts to carry the burthens and cumbersom suitcase of their travels, insomuch which it frequently happened, that the Shoulders and Backs of the Indians were deeply marked with the scourges and stripes, just like they accustomed to serve a tired Jade, accustomed to burthens. And as to people slashes with whips, blows with staves, cuffs and boxes, maledictions and curses, with a 1, 000 of this sort of kind of Torments they experienced during the fatigue of their repetitious journeys it could require a lengthy tract of your time, and many Tons of Conventional paper to describe all of them, and when most were done would only create Apprehension and Consternation in the Reader.

But this is is visible, that the desolation of these Isles and Provinces took commencing since the decease of the most Serene Queen Isabella, about 12 months 1504, intended for before that time very few with the Provinces located in that Tropical isle were oppressed or ruined with unjust Wars, or violated with general devastation as when they were, and many if not every these things were concealed and masked from your Queens expertise (whom I hope God hath crowned with Eternal Glory) for she was transported with fervent and fantastic zeal, nay, almost Work desires pertaining to the Solution and upkeep of these people, which items so exemplary as these we all having seen with our eyes, and felt with the hands, cannot easily end up being forgotten.

Make use of this also for a general Secret, that the Spaniards upon what American Shorelines soever they will arrived, practiced the same Cruelties, Slaughters, Tyrannies and abominable Oppressions on the most faithful Indian Region, and directing themselves with delights in new kinds of Torment, performed in time boost in Barbarism and Cruelty, wherewith the Omnipotent getting incensed suffered them to are unsuccessful by a more desperate and dangerous lapse into a reprobate state. With the Isles of St . John and Jamaica. In the Year 1509, the Spaniards sailed towards the Islands of St . Ruben and Discovery bay, jamaica (resembling Gardensa and Bee-hives) with the same purpose and design that they proposed to themselves inside the Isle of Hispaniola, perpetrating innumerable Robberies and Villanies as before, whereunto they added unprecedented Cruelties by simply Murdering, Losing, Roasting, and Exposing Males to be torn to pieces by Dogs, and Finally by simply afflicting and harassing them with un-exampled Oppressions and torments in the Souterrain, they ruined and unpeopled this Contrey of these Innocents.

These two Isles containing six hundred thousand at least, although at this working day there are scarce two hundred males to be found in either of them, the remainder succumbing without the understanding of Christian Trust or Sacrament. Of the Region of Emborrachar. In the Year of our Lord 1511. They passed over to Cuba, which consists of as much floor in length as there is length between Valledolid and The italian capital, well furnished with large and stately Zone and very populated, against to whom they proceeded with no more humanity and Clemency, or perhaps indeed of talking truth with greater Savageness and Brutality. Several memorable Transactions valuable observation, passed in this Island.

A certain Cacic a potent Peer, named Hathney, who shortly before fled Hispaniola to Cuba intended for Refuge coming from Death, or Captivity during Life, and understanding by simply certain Indians that the Spaniards intended to control their course thither, do this Oration for all his People Assembled collectively. You are not uninformed that there is a rumor propagate abroad among us of the Spaniards Arrival, and are sensible by simply woeful knowledge how this kind of and such (naming them) and Hayti (so they term Hispaniola in their own language) with their Habitants have been treated by all of them, that they style to visit all of us with equivalent intentions of committing this sort of acts as they may have hitherto recently been guilty of. Although do you not know the cause and reason of their coming?

We are altogether ignorant from it, they replied, but sufficiently satisfied that they are cruelly and wickedly inclined: Then hence, he said, they adore a certain Covetous Deity, in whose cravings are not to be pleased by a couple of moderate offerings, but they may possibly answer his Adoration and Worship, require many irrational things of us, and employ their utmost endeavors to subjugate and afterwards homicide us. In that case taking up a Cask or Cabinet near at hand, full of Gold and Gems, this individual proceeded in this way: This is the Spaniards God, and honour of him if you believe well of it, let us commemorate our Arcytos (which will be certain sorts of Dances and caprings applied among them), and by this means his Deity being appeasd, he will enforce his Instructions on the Spaniards that they shall not for the future molest us, who all all with one particular consent within a loud strengthen made this answer.

Well said, Well done, and thus that they continued bypassing and moving before this kind of Cabinet, without the least interruption, till we were holding quite tired and cultivated weary: Then this Noble Hathney re-assuming his discourse, stated, if we Praise this Deity, till ye be ravished from all of us, we shall become destroyed, i really judge this convenient, upon mature deliberation, that we players it into the River, which usually advice was approved of by every without level of resistance, and the Pantry thrown in to the next River. If the Spaniards 1st touched this Island, this Cacic, who was thoroughly acquainted with them, do avoid and shun these people as much as in him lay, and defended himself by force of Arms, exactly where he hit with them, nevertheless at size being used he was burned up alive, for flying by so unjust and vicious a Nation, and endeavuoring to secure his Life against them, whom only thirsted after the blood of himself and his very own People.

Right now being certain to the post, in order of his Setup a certain Holy Monk from the Franciscan Buy, discoursd with him regarding God and the Articles of our Faith, which will he never heard of just before, and which can be satisfactory and advantagious to him, with the small time allowd him by Executioner, encouraging him Timeless Glory and Repose, in the event that he really believd them, or various other wise Eternal Torments. Next Hathney had been silently pensive sometime, he askt the Monk whether the Spaniards likewise were confessed into Nirvana, and he answering the Gates of Heaven were open to everything were Good and Godly, the Cacic replied with out further consideration, that he would rather go to Hell after that Heaven, for fear this individual should cohabit in the same Mansion with so Sanguinary and Bloody a Nation.

And therefore God and the Holy Catholick Faith will be Praised and Reverenced by the Practices in the Spaniards in the us Once this so hapned, that the Individuals of a Well-known City, far away Ten A long way from the place where all of us then lived, came to fulfill us with a splendid Retinue, to make their Go to more Honourable, bringing with them delicious Viands, and so on kind of Dainties, with as great a quantity of Fish as they probably will procure, and distributing all of them among us, yet behold on a sudden, some wicked Satan possessing the minds with the Spaniards, irritated them with great fury, that we being present, and without the smallest amount of Pretence or perhaps Occasion offered, they shut down in cold Blood over Three Thousands of Men, Women and Children promiscuously, such Inhumanities and Barbarisms were committed in my eyesight, as no Age may parallel. A while after I dispatch Messengers to all or any the Rulers of the Region of Havana, that they will by no means end up being terrified, or seek their refuge by absence and flight, but for meet all of us, and that I would engage (for they realized my Authority) that they probably should not receive the least of Traumas, for the whole Region was extremely afflicted with the Evils and Mischiefs previously perpetrated, and this I did together with the advice of their Captain.

The moment we approached the Province, Two and Twenty of their Noblemen arrived forth to satisfy us, whom the Chief contrary to his Faith provided, would have exposd to the Flames, alledging that it was expedient they should be put to Fatality, who were, anytime, capacitated to work with any Stratagem against all of us, but with superb difficulty and much adoe, I snatcht them out of the open fire. These Islanders of Barrica, being reducd to the same Vasselage and Misery as the Residents of Hispaniola, seeing themselves perish and dy with no redress, fled to the Mountains for refuge, but different Desperados, place a period with their days using a Halter, and the Husband, along with his Wife and Children, hanging himself, put an end to those Disasters. By the vitality of one Spanish Tyrant (whom I knew) above 200 Indians hangd themselves that belongs to them accord, and a multitude of People perished with this kind of Fatality.

A certain Person here in precisely the same Isle constituted to workout a kind of Noble Power, hapned to have 300 Indians land to his share, which in 90 days, through excessive labour, A hundred and Sixty were destroyd, insomuch that in a brief space generally there remained nevertheless a 10th part in, namely Twenty five, but when the phone number was doubled, they all perisht at the same level, and all which were bestowd upon him dropped their lives, till in length this individual paid his last Personal debt to Characteristics and the Satan. In 3 or 4 Months period I getting there present, Six Thousand Children and upward had been murderd, since they had shed their Father and mother who labourd in the Puits, nay I used to be a Experience of many other stupendous Villanies. But afterward they conferred with how to persecute those that put hid in the Mountains, who had been miserably massacred, and consequently this Isle made desolate, that we saw not long after, and certainly this can be a dreadful and depolorable view to view it thus unpeopled and laid spend, like a Wasteland. Of the CONTINENT.

In the Year 1514, a certain disappointed Governour Got on the company Land or perhaps Continent, a most weakling Tyrant, destitute of all Mercy and Wisdom, the Tool of Gods Wrath, which has a Resolution to people these parts with Spaniards, and even though some Tyrants experienced touched here before him, and Rudeness hurried all of them into the additional World by several wayes of Slaughter, yet they came simply no farther than to the Ocean Coast, wherever they comitted podigious Thefts and Robberies, but your husband exceeded everything that ever dwelt in other Island destinations, though reprobable and profligate Villains: pertaining to he did not only ruin and depopulate the Sea-Coast, but buried the largest Regions and most enough Kingdoms inside their own Damages, sending Thousdands to Terrible by his Butcheries. Selection Incursions for many Miles standing; permanence stability, that is to say, in those Countries that are as part of the Territories of Darien plus the Provinces of Nicaraqua, where are around Five Hundred Kilometers of the most Fertil Land in the World, and the most opulent intended for Gold of all of the Regions hitherto discoverd.

And although Spain has trash can sufficiently fitted with the finest Gold, yet it was digd out of the Feces and Mines of the stated Countries by the Indians, where (as we certainly have said) they perished. This kind of Ruler, together with his Complices found out new developments to tray, torment, push and extort Gold from the Indians. Among his Boat captains in a particular Excursion performed by the Command of his Governeur for making Depraedations, destroyd Forty 1, 000 Persons and better exposing them to the advantage of the Blade, Fire, Dogs and selection of Torments, of which a Religious Man of the Order of St . Francis, Franciscus para S. Latino, who was then present was an Eye-Witness.

Great and Injurious was the blindness of the people praesided above the Indians, for the Conversion and Salvation of this People: because denyed essentially what they within their flourishing Discourse pretended to, and declard with their Tongue what they contradicted in their Heart, for it came to this pass, that the Indians should be instructed on the penalty of a bloody War, Death, and never ending Bondage, to embrace the Christian Faith, and submit to the Behavior of the The spanish language King, as though the Kid of Our god, who experienced Death to get the Redemption of all Mankind, had enacted a Regulation, when he obvious these words, Go and teach all Nations that Infidels, living peaceably and quietly inside their Hereditary Indigenous Country, must be imposd upon pain of Confiscation of all their Chattels, Lands, Freedom, Wives, Kids, and Death itself, without the precedent training to Confess and Recognize the true The almighty, and subject themselves to a King, which they hardly ever saw, or heard mentiond before, and whose Messengers behavd themselves toward these such Inhumanity and Cruelty as they acquired done hitherto. Which is undoubtedly a most foppish and absurd means of Proceeding, and merits only Scandal, Derision, nay Terrible itself.

At this point suppose this kind of Notorious and Profligate Governour had trash can impowerd to find the Execution of those Edicts performd, for of themselves these were repugnant both to Rules and Equity, yet this individual commanded (or they who had been to see the Delivery thereof, achieved it of their own Mind without Authority) that when they phansied or perhaps proposed to themselves any place, that was well stord with Rare metal, to rob and feloniously steal that away from the Indians living in their particular Cities and Houses, with no least mistrust of any kind of ill Action. These incredible Spaniards, like Theives came to any place simply by stealth, a split Mile away from any City, Town or perhaps Village, and there in the Night posted and proclaimd the Edict among themselves after this method: You Cacics and Indians of this Region, the Residents of such a Place, which they known as, We declare or whether it is known to you all, there is but one particular God, one hope, and one King of Castile, who is Lord of these Countries, appear out without delay, and take the pledge of Allegiance to the The spanish language King, because his Sujet.

So about the Fourth Observe of the Nighttime, or Three in the Morning these kinds of poor Ignorant overwhelmd with heavy Rest, ran strongly on that place they will named, set Fire with their Hovels, which were all thatcht, and so, with no warning, burnt Guys, Women and Kids, killd which they pleasd upon the Spot, but all those they preservd as Captives, were compelld throughTorments to confess wherever they had hid the Precious metal, when they found little or non-e at their Houses, but they who also livd being first stigmatized, were made Slaves, yet following the Fire was extinguisht, that they came hastily in quest of the Gold. Thus would this Evil Man, devoted to all the Infernal Furies, respond himself with the Assistance of Profligate Christian believers, whom he had lifted in the Service through the 14th to the 21. or perhaps 22. Year, together with his Domestick Servants and Followers, from whom he received as much Portions, besides what he previously from his Slaves in Gold, Pearls, and Jewels, as the Chief Governor would have taken, and everything hat were constituted to execute almost any Kingly Business office followed inside the same Actions, every one mailing as many of his Maids as he may spare, to share in the spoil. Nay he that came hither as Biship first of all did the same as well, And at the vory period (as We conjecture) the Spaniards would depraedate or rob this Kingdom of above Eight Hundred Thousand Crowns of Gold: Yet all these their very own Thefts and Felonies, we scarce get upon Record that 300 Thousand Castilian Crowns at any time came into the Spanish Nobleman Coffers, yet there were over Eight Hundred or so Thousand Guys slain: The other Tyrants who governed this Empire afterward towards the Three and Thirtieth season, deprivd all of them of Life that remaind among the Habitants.

Among all those flagitious Acts committed with this Governour although he ruld this Kindom, or simply by his Agreement and Permission this must by no means be omitted: A certain Casic, bestowing on him a Gift, voluntarily, or (which is more probably) induced thereunto by Dread, about the weight of Nine Thousands of Crowns, nevertheless the Spaniards unsatisfied with so fast a Amount of cash, sieze him, fix him to a Rod, extended his Feet, which will being movd near the Open fire, they demanded a larger Amount, the Casic overcome with Torments, mailing home, procurd Three Thousands of more to become brought and presented to them: Nevertheless the Spaniards, adding new Torments to new Rage and Fury, whenever they found he’d confer no more upon these people, which was as they could not, or otherwize because he would not, they exposd him for such a long time to that Pain, till by simply degrees of high temperature the Marrow gusht out of the Soles of his Ft, and so this individual dyed, Therefore they often murderd the Lords and Hobereau which this sort of Torments to Extort the Gold from them.

One time it hapned that a Century or Party of One Hundred Spaniards making Excursions, came to a Mountain, in which many Persons shunning and so horrid and pernicious an Enemy conceald themselves, who immediately flowing on them, adding all to the Sword they will could talk with, and then securd Seventy or perhaps Eighty Committed Women and Virgins Captives, but a lot of Indians having a fervent desire of recovering their Wives or girlfriends and Daughters appeard in Arms up against the Spaniards, then when they came near the Adversary, they not willing to lose the Prey, manage the Spouses and Maidens through using their Swords. The Indians through Grief and Trouble, smiting their Chest, brake away into these kinds of Exclamations. U perverse Generation of Men! O Terrible Spaniards! What do you Killing las Iras? (In their very own Language they will call Girls by the Name of las Iras as though they had said: To kill Women can be an Action of weakling minded Guys, worse than Brutes and Wild Beasts.

There was the home of a Puissant Potentate scituated about Ten or Twelve to fifteen Miles via Panama, in whose name was Paris, incredibly Rich in Gold, and the Spaniards gave him a check out, who were interested with Cordial Kindness, and Courteously received, and of his own contract, presented the Captain with a Gift of Fifteen 1, 000 Crowns, who had been of view, as well as the remaining portion of the Spaniards, that he who have bestowd this kind of a quantity involving gratis, was the Master of vast Prize, whereupon that they counterfeit a pretended Reduction, but coming back again about your fourth Night-Watch, and entring metropolis privily upon a surprize, which they believed was sufficiently securd, consecrated it numerous Citizens to the Flames, and robbd them of 60 or 60 Thousand Caps.

The Dynast or Knight in shining armor escaped with his Life, and gathering collectively as wonderful a Number of Guys as he may also at that quick of time, and Three or Four Days and nights being elapsed, pursued the Spaniards, who deprivd him also by Violence and Rapine of the Hundred and Thirty or Forty 1000 Crowns, and pouring in upon them, recoverd most his Platinum with the break down of 60 Spaniards, nevertheless the remainder of these having receivd many Injuries in that Rencounter betook those to their Pumps and savd themselves by simply flight: but also in few days following the Spaniards come back, and show up upon the said Casic well-armd and overthrow him and all his Forces, and in addition they who out-livd the Combat, to their great Misfortune, were exposd to the usual and often mentiond Bondage. Of the Region of NICARAQUA. The said Tyrant A great. Dom. 1522. proceeded further very sadly to the Subjugation of Cure of this Province.

In truth no individual can satisfactorily or completely express the Fertility, Temperateness of the Weather, or the Multitude of the Residents of Nicaraqua, which was nearly infinite and admirable, in this Region containd some Cities that were 4 Miles long, and the plethora of Fruits of the Globe (which caused the such a Concourse of People) was highly commendable. The People of the place, for the reason that Country was Level and Plain, destitute of Mountains, so incredibly delightful and pleasant, that they could not leave it without great grief, and much dissatisfaction, they were therefore tormented with the greaterVexations and Persecutions, and forced to bear the Spanish Tyranny and Servitude, whih as much Tolerance as they had been Masters of: Add further that they had been peaceable and meek enthusiastic.

This Tyrant with these kinds of Complices of his Rudeness did afflict this Region (whose suggestions he made make use of in eliminating the additional Kingdoms) with such and thus many wonderful Dammages, Slaughters, Injustice, Slaver, and Faute, that a Tongue, though of Iron, could not express all of them fully. He sent into the Province (which is bigger than the County of Ruscinia ) 50 Horse-Men, who also put all the folks to the Edge of the Sword, sparing nor Age nor Sex upon the most simple and inconsiderable occasion: As for Example, if they did certainly not come to them with all possible rate, when known as, and bring the imposed burthen of Mahid (which implies Corn in their Dialect) or if they did not bring the Number of Indians required to his own, as well as the Service or rather Servitude of his Associates. And the Region being almost all Campaign or Level, no individual was able to endure the Hellish Fury of their Horses.

He commanded the Spaniards for making Excursions, that is certainly, to take advantage of other Pays, permitting and granting these Theiving Rogues leave to take away by force as much of these peacable People because they cold, who have being irond (that they may not drain under the Burthen of 60 or 80 Pound weight) it usually hapned, those of Four Thousand Indians, Half a dozen only went back home, and so they dyed in addition, but if any of them chanced to faint, getting tired with over-weighty Burthens, or through great Craving for food and Thirst should be siezed with a Discompose, or a lot of Debility and Weakness, that they might not spend some time in removing their Fetters, they beheaded them, hence the Head fell one way, plus the Body an additional: The Indians when they spied the Spaniards making preparations for such Journeys, learning very well, that few, or non-e went back home with your life, just after their aiming with Sighs and Cry, burst away into these or the like Expressions.

All those were Travels, which we travelled often in the service of Christian believers, and in some tract of time we returnd to our Habitations, Wives and Children: Nevertheless there being zero hope of the return, we are for ever deprivd of their Eyesight and Conversation. It hapned also, that the same Director would dissipate or distribute the Indians de novo at his own pleasure, to the end (as it absolutely was reported) he might violently pressure the Indians away from such as did infest or molest him, and dispose of those to others, upon which it droped out, that for the space of a Season complete, there were no seeding or seeding: And when that they wanted Loaf of bread, the Spaniards did simply by orce loot the Indians of the complete stock of Corn that they can had placed up for the support with their Families, through these indirect Courses above Thirty 1, 000 perished with Hunger. T?i it fortund at one time, a Woman opprest with insufferable Hunger, deprivd her individual Son of his Lifestyle to preserve her own. Through this Province as well they brought many to the untimely End, loading their particular Shoulders with heavy boards and components of Timer, that they can were compelld to carry to a Haven Fourty Miles faraway, in order to their building of Ships, sending them similarly unto the forest to find out Hony and Feel, where we were holding devourd by Tygers, nay they crammed Women impregnated with Buggy and Burthens fit intended for beasts.

But no better pest was there that could unpeople this Province, compared to the License granted the Spaniards by this Governour, to require Captives in the Casics and Potentates with this Region, for at the Expiration of Four or Five Several weeks, or as frequently as they obtaind leave from the Governour to demand them, they deliverd them up Fifty Servants, and the Spaniards terrified associated with Menaces, that if they were doing not follow them in answering their unreasonable Needs, they should be burnt alive, or perhaps baited to Death by simply Dogs. Today the Indians are although slenderly stord with Maids, for it is much if a Casic hath 3 or 4 in his Retinue, therefore they may have recourse to the Subjects, then when they had, to begin with, seized the Orphans, that they required seriously and immediately one Kid of the Parent or guardian, who had although Two, and Two of him that got but Three, and for god of the place satisfied the desires from the Tyrant, not without the Effusion of Holes and Groans of the Persons, who (as it seems) were careful of their Kids.

And this staying frequently repeated in the space between the Season 1523, and 1533, the Kingdom lost all their Inhabitants, intended for in Half a dozen or Seven Years time there were continuously Five or Six Delivers made willing to be freighted with Indians that were bought from the Parts of Panama and Perusium, exactly where they all colored, for it through dayly Encounter provd and known, which the Indians when Transported out of their Indigenous Country into any other, soon dye, since they are shortned within their allowance of Food, as well as the Task imposd on them simply no ways dimished, they getting only bought for Time. And by therefore, there have been removed from this Province Five Hundred Thousands of Inhabitants and upward, who have before were Freemen, to make Slaves, in addition to the Battles made with them, and the terrible Bondage these people were reducd unto Fifty or Sixty 1000 more include perished, also to this day very many still are destroyd.

Today all these Slaughters have been fully commited within the space of Just fourteen years inclusively, possibly with this Province of Nicaraqua presently there remains 4 or 5 Thousand Men who happen to be put to Fatality by regular and personal Opressions, whereas (according to what has been said already) this did go beyond other Countries of the World in multitude of Persons. Of new SPAIN. New Italy was uncovered Anno Dem. 1517. in addition to the detection there was zero first or perhaps second Make an effort, but almost all were exposed to slaughter. The season ensuing all those Spaniards (who style themselves Christians) emerged thither to rob, eliminate and slay, though they will pretend they undertook this kind of Voyage in people the Countrey. From this year to the present, viz. 1542. he Injustice, Assault and Cruelty of the Spaniards came to the highest degree of extremety: for they acquired shook hands with and bid adieu to all or any fear of God and the Full, unmindful of themselves with this sad and deplorable condition, for the Destructions, Cruelties, Butcheries, Devastations, the Domolishing of Metropolitan areas, Depradations,. that they can perpetrated in so many and so on ample Kingdoms, are these kinds of and so wonderful, and reach the minds of Men with so great scary, that all we now have related just before are inconsiderable comparatively to people which have been acted from the 12 months 1518 to 1542, also to this incredibly month of September that people now live to see the most heavy, grievous and execrable things are determined, that the Guideline we set down just before as a Maxim might be induputably verified, to wit, that from the beginning they ran headlong from poor to worse, and had been overcome inside their Diabolical acts and wickedness only by themselves.

Thus from the first entrance of the Spaniards into New Spain, which hapned on the 18th day time of 04 in the explained month with the year 1518, to 1530, the space of ten entire years, there were no end or perhaps period put to the Break down and Slaughters committed by the merciless hands of the Sanguinary and Blood-thirsty Spaniard in the Continent, or space of 450 Kilometers round regarding Mexico, and the adjacent or neighboring parts, which might have four or five spatious Kingdoms, that neither to get magnitude or perhaps fertility would give Spain her self the pre-eminance. This kind of intire Region was more populous then Toledo, Sevil, Valedolid, Saragoza, and Faventia, and there is not really at this day in all of which so many people, nor when they flourisht in their very best height and splendor was there this kind of a number, while inhabited that Region, which embraceth in the Circumference, 400 and eighty Miles.

Within these 14 years the Spaniards have destroyed inside the Said Countinent, by Spears, Fire and Sword, processing Men, Women, Youth, and Children previously mentioned Four Lots of people in these their particular Acquests or Conquests (for under that word they will mask all their Cruel Actions) or rather those of the Turk himself, which are reported of them, tending to the ruin from the Catholick Trigger, together with all their Invasions and Unjust Wars, contrarty to and condemned by Work as well as Man Laws, neither are they reckoned in this amount who perished by their more then Silk Bondage and usual Oppressions. There is no Tongue, Art, or perhaps Human know-how can recite the pudgy Impieties, which these Capital Enemies to Government and Mankind have been guilty of for several times and several International locations, nor can the circumstantial Aggravations of a selection of their wicked Acts be unfolded or displayd by any manner of Sector, time or perhaps writing, but yet I will say somewhat of each and every individual particular thing, which will this protestation and Pledge, that I get pregnant I am not able to understand one of a Thousand. Of New Italy in Particular.

Among other Slaughters this likewise they perpetrated in the many spacious Associated with Cholula, which usually consisted of 25 Thousand People, all the Main Rulers of that Region and Neighboring spots, but first the Priests using their High Priest going to satisfy the Spaniards in Pomp and State, and also to the end they may give them a far more reverential and honourable reception appointed these to be in the center of the Solemnity, that and so being kept entertained in the Appartments of the most powerful and principal Noblemen, they could be lodged in the City. The Spaniards at present consult of the slaughter or castigation (as they term it) that they can might fill every part of this Place by their Cruelties and wicked Deeds with terror and consternation, for in all the Countries that they came they took this course, that immediately in their initially arrival they committed several notorious butcheries, which manufactured those Blameless Sheep move for fear. To his purpose for that reason they sent to the Governours and Noble of the Towns, and all Spots subject on to them, along with their supream Lord, that they should look before them, with out soner did they go to in expectation of a lot of Capitulation or discourse with the Spanish Commander, but they had been presently seized upon and detained criminals before anyone could advertise or give them notice of their Captivity. They demanded of those six thousands of Indians to drudge on their behalf in the carriage of their handbag and luggage, and as shortly as they arrived the Spaniards clapt them into the Meters belonging to all their Houses and there inclosed them all. It absolutely was a thing worth pity and compassion to behold this wretches persons in what a problem they were after they prepared themselves to receive the burthens placed on them by Spaniards.

They came to them naked, all their Privities only vaild, their particular Shoulders loaden with meals, only protected with a Net, they put themselves calmly on the ground, and shrinking in their Bodies just like poor Wretches, exposed themselves to their Swords: Thus staying all gathered together in ther Meters, some of the Spaniards Armed placed the doors drive an automobile them away if seeking to approach, and more with Lances and Swords Butcher these types of Innocents so that not one of them escaped, yet two or three days and nights after some of them, who concealed themselves among the dead body, being throughout besprinkled with blood and gore, presented themselves to the Spaniards, imporing their whim and the extension of their Lives with holes in their Eyes and everything imaginable distribution, yet they, not whatsoever moved with pity or perhaps compassion, tore them in pieces: yet all the Main Governours who had been above one hundred in amount, were kept bound, to whom the Chief commanded being affixed to posts and burnt, the King with the whole Countrey escaped, and betook himself with a Coach of 25 or forty Gentlemen, to a Temple (called in their Tongue Quu ) which selection use of as being a Castle or Place of Defence, and generally there defended himself a great portion of the day, but the Spaniards that are suffering none to escape out of their clutches, especially Souldiers, environment fire for the Temple, burnt off all those that had been there inclosed, who braking system out into these perishing words and exclamations. To profligate Men, what damage have we done you to occasion each of our death!

Get, go to South america, where each of our supream God Montencuma can revenge each of our cause upon your persons. And tis reported, while the Spaniards were engated in this Misfortune destroying half a dozen or several thousand Males, that their very own Commander with great rejoycing sang this following Ay

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