In many countries, particularly in third world countries there exists a noticeable pattern of country to urban migration. This kind of pattern of migration can be not a fresh phenomenon.
There are numerous reasons for their occurrence and these reasons may vary coming from country to country and also periods of time. The results of this kind of migration on the other hand have corresponding effects for different countries and over periods of time.
One cause of rural to urban migration may be the lack of jobs in the region.
Many of the jobs available in country areas happen to be agricultural primarily based. The introduction of time saving equipment and undersirable climate conditions provides decreased the need for work in the gardening sector. The decrease in the standard form of job in country areas forces many young people to leave the area in search of work in the urban centers of their region.
Workers could also migrate by rural areas to cities in hope of getting a higher standard of living.
They may keep their current jobs in wish of finding larger paying kinds as there are a lot more opportunities to get employment to chose by in the city.
A third basis for this style of migration is that many people wish to expand their very own experiences. They could wish to be subjected to a greater selection of opportunities, people, cultures, fine art, food and entertainment. Diversity they desire might not be as broadly or quickly available to them inside their hometowns just as an city center inside their country.
Conflict, famine and natural tragedy are also reasons behind rural to urban immigration in some countries. Entire rural populations may migrate for the urban centers of their region in search of safeguard, food and medical aid during these periods of hardship.
One result of rural to city migration can be overcrowding. In the event that migrationtakes place too quickly or unexpectedly, the look necessary to allow for growth are not in place. Overcrowding leads to problems such as higher rents, targeted traffic and pressure on methods such as educational institutions and medical centers.
The growth in the working population will also mean more competition to get jobs. This will prove beneficial to employers who can decrease incomes offered while demand for jobs may outstrip the number of jobs available. The possible lack of jobs may possibly in turn lead to problems of vagrancy, prostitution and unfair treatment to the least qualified workers in the workforce.
The migration of people from rural areas to urban areas has detrimental effects on the countryside economy. Some small neighborhoods may vanish overtime while there is no one particular left to perform businesses, work in local businesses or demand products via local companies because the young generations of the area possess migrated.
Last but not least, there probably an increase in the spread of diseases coming from urban to rural areas. When workers return home to visit relatives and friends they may distributed illnesses and diseases they will contracted while in the city. This accounts for the spread of AIDS in country areas of many African countries.
Migration by rural to urban areas arises for several causes, namely in the search of a better way of life and lifestyle. However planning is necessary to properly provide for the additional strain a growing inhabitants will have on the city’s resources. Planning might also be necessary to protect rural communities and help their growth as a solution to the overcrowding that occurs for most urban centers in countries around the world.