Population moves have been a consistent feature of the evolution of human civilisation. But , in the last hundred years the world has experienced many occasions responsible for global displacement of individuals on an unparalleled scale due to various factors. Migration and forced migration as global techniques are today seen as a burning concern and an irreversible process. Usually term ‘migrants’ is employed for the persons with voluntarily migrated for better socio-economic leads. However , to get the pressured migrants ‘refugee’ term is employed. What causes people to flee a rustic and become refugees are different from decision based migration primarily for economic or social reasons.
Among the most common causes of retraite movements will be: war, lower income, human privileges violations, and mistreatment of minorities. These causes are most often found in combo with each other. Ethnic cleansing contributes to war, human rights infractions lead to low income, etc . Generally their activities of splendour, threat to life, denial of opportunities pertaining to education or perhaps employment, and a lack of expect the future pushes them to leave their homeland. Now a day, concerns of Asylum seekers is a theme of warm debate across the world due ethnic conflict, competition for methods and in the end changing geo-political circumstances. Presently, the raising number of refugees in various section of the world shows that a thing has gone really wrong in fact it is a big meaningful burden in civilised society across the world. To the south Asia contains a major talk about in planet’s refugee inhabitants and causes behind the shift are personal instability, equipped conflict, cultural and public strife, deficiency of resources and also other socio-political factors. Like many other refugees in South Asia, Tibetan asile are also item of hardship in their indigenous country i. e. Tibet.
Like any other sociable factors, displacement or compelled migration has its cultural consequences within the origin and host communities along with refugees themselves. The works of the nation of beginning in a way comprise an injury to both the asile and other number states. Asylum seekers, thus symbolize a failure from the state system, a ‘problem’ to be resolved. The existence of refugees and their meaning claim to safeguard puts pressure on the fundamental infrastructure with the state, and modern India is also facing same situation since its self-reliance. At the time of independence, due to rupture a huge human population of political refugees in fluxed in India. India faced the same problem again in the next phase of exodus in 1960s, if the political uncertainty in Tibet sparked off an unprecedented flow of Tibetan asile in India. Thereafter through the Bangladesh Freedom War year 1971, massacres in Bangladesh increased an estimated twelve million political refugees fled to India causing financial hardship, instability in Bangladesh and regional disputes in the north-eastern states. Subsequently more than 62, 000 Cover refugees reached India in the years following 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The Indian govt does not officially recognise all of them as political refugees, but has allowed the United Nations High Commissioner for Asylum seekers (UNHCR) to operate a system for them. In recent times, many Tamil refugees by Sri Lanka and Rohingya Muslims from Mayanmar have taken asylum in the India.
Several scholars possess opinion that Indian federal government treated political refugees on a case-by-case basis, and there was an absence of a facile, undemanding, easy, basic, simple policy or perhaps refugee care regime in the government. The response of the Indian state towards the asile and their demands has been a matter of calculation, elegance, and discretion. The sphere of proper care, as a result, received segmented, started to be strategically ambiguous and there is an inherent paradox in the relationship between care and electric power. India received the largest range of refugees seeing that her decolonisation but cared for them even more as proper pawns inside the geopolitical game titles. The issue of the Tibetan refugees has always been a concern of contestation between India and People Republic of China. In the following paragraphs, I have enclosed my dialogue on social identity issue among these types of Tibetan political refugees and its changing dynamics with time.
Forced migration of a refugee damages them not only economically nevertheless socially also. When a renardière leaves his homeland to take shelter in a foreign terrain, his existing social world which was fine tuned with his initial environment gets tired off. In a new host area, he tries to reconstruct his social universe with readily available resources and new environment.