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Explain why the philippines and california are

They are both regarded as hazard hot spots and frequently encounter natural catastrophes. A natural devastation is the realization of a risk. California can be an MEDC, the 6th largest overall economy in the world having a GDP of US$65000 every capita.

However , despite the risky of hazards it is a very desirable location to live due to the relaxed lifestyle and pure beauty. The population is growing mainly because of immigration meaning cities this kind of Los Angeles have grown to be more vulnerable. The Philippines is a Newly Industrialised Country (NIC) and has low to middle cash flow of US00 per household.

Their economic system is mostly based upon agriculture (because of the rich, fertile soil on the volcanic hills), making and tourism, which are most at risk from your natural unfortunate occurances. Although it is merely a small number of islands, the citizenry is huge at 91 million (over twice the dimensions of California’s).

Both equally California and the Philippines lay on platter boundaries and therefore both suffer from tectonic dangers.

Much like all plate boundaries, rubbing often builds up between the plates also causing regular earthquakes which can sometimes result in tsunamis as well. In the Philippines earthquakes have multiple impacts. This can be partly regarding the physical geography from the land. As being a group of destinations means that the epicentres of the earthquakes are usually in the marine, which boosts the likelihood of tsunamis. It is also very mountainous inland which means a large number of areas happen to be vulnerable to landslides.

One earthquake in 2006 activated landslides, a flood and a local tsunami 3 ft high. One more relatively slight earthquake was one of the reasons for a huge mudslide, killing1150 people. The Philippines would not have the monetary resources to deal with the aftermaths of dangers very effectively therefore there is a low ability to cope. Likewise the tsunamis and mudslides destroy farmlands and plants which means that persons lose all their source of income and maybe their homes. It can be difficult to rebuild all their lives following this. California also suffers enormously from as it lies on the conservative border between the Pacific cycles and United states plate. The San Andreas Fault runs all the way down the coastline of California exactly where many towns namely Bay area lie suitable top. Two high value earthquakes minted California over 5 years.

The second one particular, (Northridge earthquake) January year 1994 in La was of magnitude six. 7 for the Richter scale. There were likewise many aftershocks ranging from degree 4 to five which brought on further damage. Because of the heavy population in Los Angeles, individual impacts were big with the efficiency from the emergency services and help available: 57 died, much more than 1500 had been seriously harmed, 9000 homes were with no electricity and 48, five-hundred people experienced no access to clean drinking water. The monetary impacts were also big since California can be an MEDC meaning that many people have costly possessions and a lot of expensive infrastructure in the city. California does have, although, a high capacity to deal with the high risk risk. Mostly, they have the cash to invest substantially in clinics, emergency providers and great hazard-resistant structures. Both Cal and the Philippines have coastline on the Gulf of mexico.

This means that most of their weather conditions is dependent for the El Nino and La Nina oscillations. For California, the Un Nino vacillation means wetter weather mainly because it brings sub-tropical winds holding heavy rainwater and consequently increased flooding, hard storms and landslides. La Nina oscillations ensures that California gets dry winds from the Illinois and Mexican deserts causing dry, hot weather often resulting in drought and increased wildfires. For the Philippines this can be a other way round. The Philippines is additionally within the Typhoon belt and so receives up to 20 typhoons every year, particularly in the north. Most floods in Cal are because of the overflowing of rivers, for instance , in the Los Angeles and San Gabriel streams where 390, 000 people are exposed.

Surging is dependent for the EL Nino Oscillation and so regular serious flooding just really happens for a few years each time. Economic losses can be large. Many areas are also at risk to landslides after water damage, as deforestation and wildfires have made the hillsides prone to soil chafing. Severe surging undermined California’s flood defences as the December-January massive amounts of 1996/97, one of the wettest seasons in record, demolished hundreds of levees causing serious flooding and landslides, getting rid of 9 and displacing 230, 000 people. $2 billion worth of flood supervision infrastructure was also damaged. However , lots of money has gone into channelising waterways away from high-risk areas.

Because of the efficient urgent services just 9 persons died and temporary protection could be set up for the individuals who were out of place. In the Israel however , surges have an even more severe impactbecause of their incapacity to deal with the impacts. Last year Typhoon Ketsana, with gusts of wind of 100mph, dumped sixteen. 7 in . of rain in just 12 hrs. 246 died and 2 million were damaged in Manila where 80 percent of the city was submerged. The Nationwide Disaster Co-ordinating Council was overwhelmed and unable to offer sufficient aid for everyone, which accounts for the high death toll. The death toll in the Philippines was greater than in California because they did not have the capacity to cope. As well as it is a great LEDC the federal government can only dedicate so much on risk management as there are so many various other more hitting matters that must be prioritised.

Overall, the Israel and A bunch of states are affected by unfortunate occurances in different methods because of the economical resources with the country, the country’s development and because of its physical geography. Washington dc has more money to invest in things such as emergency providers, temporary shelters and danger defences elizabeth. g. channelising the streams. Also because it is very created there are significantly less chances of landslides. The Korea are not however highly created and much from the high risk coast is still composed of remote villages/regions which are very vulnerable. Also, deforestation inside the area offers reduced their once densely forested land to just 18. 3% from the land cover which has extensive effects for the severity of flooding and landslides since there is not soak up the surplus water in order to absorb the landslides.


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Category: Essay,

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Published: 01.29.20

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