Education in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry of Education. And the private sector organisations take responsibility for employing policy for state-controlled community education and state universities at a regional level. The education method is divided into Pre-school, primary education, secondary education and tertiary education. Primary education Primary education, Yoruba, and Igbo. Private schools would present Computer scientific research, French, and Fine Disciplines. Primary school students are required to take a Common Entrance Examination to qualify for admission in to the Federal and State Government Supplementary schools, and private types.
The Universal Simple Education, UBE, came as an alternative for Nigeria’s Universal Major Education structure of the 6-3-3-4 system of principal education. The 9-3-4 approach to education was designed in conformity with the MDGs and Education For All, EFA (Kayode, 2006). The UBE involves 6 years of Primary School education and 3 years of Jr Secondary College education, concluding in being unfaithful years of uninterrupted schooling, and transition from a single class to a new is computerized but identified through constant assessment.
This scheme is usually monitored by Universal Fundamental Education Percentage, UBEC, and has made it “free, “compulsory and an appropriate of every child.  Therefore , the UBEC law section 15 describes UBE as early child years care and education. The law stipulates a 9-year formal schooling, adult literacy and nonformal education, skill obtain programs as well as the education of special groups such as nomads and migrants, girl child and women, Al-majiri, street children and impaired people (Aderinoye, 2007).  Secondary education.
Students use six years in Extra School, that is 3 years of JSS (Junior Secondary School), and 3 years of SSS (Senior Second School). Simply by Senior Supplementary School Class 2 (SS2), students are taking the GCE O’Levels test, which is not required, but most students take it to prepare to get the Senior Secondary License Examination. The Senior Supplementary School Examination is consumed the last year of secondary college (SS3). Personal organizations, the state of hawaii government or the Federal government control secondary universities in Nigeria.
The National Republic of Nigeria comprises of thirty-six Claims and the Federal Capital Terrain. There are regarding two Federal Government Colleges in each condition. These universities are funded and handled directly by Federal Government through the Ministry of Education. Educators and staff are Government employees. Teachers at the Authorities schools end up with a Bachelors level in Education or in a particular subject area, just like, Mathematics, Physics etc .
These kinds of schools are meant to be style schools holding and retaining the beliefs of extra education for Nigerian students. Admission will be based upon merit, dependant upon the Countrywide Common Access Examination taken by all last year grammar school pupils. Tuition and fees are extremely low, about sixteen 1000 naira ($100), because funding comes from the us government.  State-owned secondary schools are funded by every state government and therefore are not comparable to the Federal government schools.
Although education is supposed to end up being free inside the majority of the state owned corporations, students have to purchase books, uniforms and pay for assorted things charging them typically thirty thousands of naira ($200) in an academic year. Professors in State-owned institutions ordinarily have a Countrywide Certificate of Education or possibly a Bachelors Degree, but this may not be always the case as many supplementary schools in Nigeria are filled with untrained teachers whom end up not being able to stimulate the students. Generally these universities are understaffed due to low state costs, lack of bonuses and irregularities in payment of staff salaries.
 Some state-owned secondary colleges are considered to be elite colleges because of the in the past high educational standard and producing alumni who have prominent citizens inside the various jobs. These included King’s College or university, Lagos and Queen’s School, Lagos. However , the college rating of these corporations have as dropped due to arrival of some personal institutions. Exclusive secondary colleges in Nigeria tend to always be quite expensive with average annual fees hitting from one hundred and 60 to three 100 and twenty thousand naira($1000. 00 ” $2000. 00).
These universities have more compact classes (approximately twenty to thirty students per class), modern equipment and a much better environment. Most teachers during these institutions own at least a Bachelor’s Degree within a specific course area and are sent to get workshops or perhaps short term courses on a regular basis.  Promotional exams With the intro of 6-3-3-4 system of education in Nigeria, the recipient of the education would spend six years in primary college, three years in junior supplementary school, 36 months in older secondary university, and four years in tertiary institution.
The six years spent in primary college and the three years spent in junior secondary school happen to be merged to form the 9 in the 9-3-4 system. Altogether, the students need to spend at least period of half a dozen years in Secondary College. During this period, college students are expected to shell out three years in Junior Second School and three years in Senior Secondary School.  The General Qualification of Education Examination (GCE) was replaced by the Older Secondary Qualification Examination (SSCE).
The SSCE is carried out at the end from the Secondary College studies in May/June. The GCE is definitely conducted in October/November like a supplement for anyone students whom did not get the required credits from their SSCE results. The criteria of the two examinations happen to be basically the same. A human body called Western African Assessment Council (WAEC) conducts the SSCE and GCE. No greater than nine and a minimum of several subjects will be registered pertaining to the evaluation by every student with Mathematics and English Terminology taking while compulsory.
 A maximum of seven grades will be assigned to each subject coming from: A1, B2, B3 (Equivalent to Variations Grade); C4, C5, C6 (Equivalent to Credit Grade); D7, E8 (Just Pass Grade); F9 (Fail Grade). Credit grades and over is considered academically adequate pertaining to entry in to any College or university in Nigeria. In some analyze programs, lots of the universities may require higher marks to obtain admission.  The Federal Government plan on education is followed by all secondary schools in Nigeria. Six numerous years of elementary school is followed by half a dozen years of extra school.
Mature Secondary college consists of the SS I, SS two, and SS 3 which is equivalent to the 10th, eleventh and twelfth Grade. The Senior Supplementary School Examination (SSCE) is definitely taken by the end of the SS 3. The West Photography equipment Examination Council (WAEC) conducts both exams. Three to six months after a student offers taken the SSCE examination, they are granted an official records from their organization. This records is valid for one 12 months, after which a state transcript from the West Africa Examination Council is issued.
National Exam Council is another examination physique in Nigeria Senior Second School Exam (SSCE)in June/July. The body as well administer Basic Certificate of Education Assessment (GCE)in December/January. The students typically take both equally WAEC and NECO examinations in SSS 3.  Tertiary education The government has majority charge of university education. The country contains a total number of 128 schools registered by simply NUC amongst which national and state government own forty five and 38 respectively when 50 educational institutions are privately owned.
First year entrance requirements in most schools in Nigeria include: The least SSCE/GCE Ordinary Level Credit at maximum of two sittings; Minimum cut-off marks in Joint Entry and Matriculation Board Entry Examination (JAMB) of one hundred and eighty and over out of the maximum of 400 marks are essential. Candidates with minimum of Advantage Pass in National Certificate of Education (NCE), National Diploma (ND) and other Advanced Level Records minimum qualifications with the least 5 O/L Credits get direct entry admission in to the appropriate undergrad degree applications.
 College students normally enter university coming from age 18 onwards, and study to get an educational degree. In the past, universities are divided into many tiers: First Generation Schools Five of such Universities were established between 1948 and 1965, following recommendation with the Ashby Percentage set up by British Colonial Government to examine the necessity of college or university education pertaining to Nigeria. These universities are fully funded by the authorities.
They were founded primarily to satisfy a need for qualified workers in Nigeria and to established basic specifications for school education. These universities have continued to play their jobs for the production of skilled personnel plus the provision of standards, which have helped to guide the subsequent institutions of other generations of universities in Nigeria. Universities in this rate include the College or university of Nigeria, Nsukka as well as the University of Ibadan.  Second Era Universities
While using increasing inhabitants of certified students pertaining to university education in Nigeria and the developing needs intended for scientific and technological innovations, setting up more universities started to be imperative. Among 1970 and 1985, doze additional universities were established and located in various parts of the country.  Third Era Universities The requirement to establish Colleges to address exceptional areas of Scientific and Farming demand caused the setting up of twelve additional Colleges between 85 and 1999.  Point out Universities.
Pressures from qualified students coming from each condition who wasn’t able to readily acquire admissions to any of the Federal Universities extended to mount on Claims Governments. It became imperative and urgent for a few State Governments to invest in the establishment of Universities.  Private Universities In recognition of the ought to encourage non-public participation in the provision of university education, the Federal Government set up a legislation in 93, allowing personal sectors to establish universities following guidelines approved by the Authorities.
 The typical duration of undergraduate programs in Nigerian schools depends typically on the program of study. For instance , Social Sciences/Humanity related classes are 4 Years, Engineering/Technology related courses are a few Years, Chemist courses happen to be 5 Years, and Rules courses are 5 Years, each with two term sessions per year. Medicine (Vet/Human) degrees have 6 Years and possess longer sessions during the year.  Women in education Education has been acknowledged as a basic human being right since the 1948 re-homing of the Widespread Declaration of Human Rights.
A positive correlation exists between enrollment of females in pri\ary school and the gross national product and life expectancy.  Because of this relationship, enrollment in schools represents the largest element of societal expenditure into human capital.  Rapid socioeconomic development of a nation has become observed to depend on the calibre of girls and their education in that country.  Education bestows about women a disposition for the lifelong purchase of knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, skills and expertise. .