What is leadership? Management is the ability to influence people. It is the capacity to inspire these people, to make them reaching a few definite aims. There are several types of leadership and we’re going examine a lot of them, such as control, co-operation and autonomy in order to discuss the circumstances in which every would be more appropriate.
Among the forms of management is control. There is a speculation, according where men are more oriented in such form of leadership than women. This means, that women have got tendency to more democratic style of leadership, which includes very own ability to get participation in work process as well as showing significantly less autocracy, although men have propensity for more enquête style, including control.
According to one of hypotheses, people dislike to operate and try to avoid work if perhaps they have this kind of possibility. Likewise people terribly lack ambitions trying to avoid responsibility, preferring being under a persons management. Primarily they want to experience protected. In order to force people to work, you need to use force, control and risk of punishment.
Basing on such hypothèse, a leader tries to centralize his power, “structures work of his subordinates and almost does not give them independence in choosing decisions (Juran 1991, g. 81). Such kind of innovator also deals with the whole work within restrictions of his competence and, in order to provide with fulfillment of, can make psychological pressure and threat.
These kinds of type of innovator tries to control everything, pushing his subordinates to follow rules, which will strictly stipulate and identify behavior of his workers. This style of management is more typically unsuccessful. It could ruin the mental local climate in the company. First of all, the flexibility of taking decisions endures. In case these kinds of authoritative manager takes managing decisions, he doesn’t considers opinions of his workers. In such a way, any kind of new idea cannot look.
People notice that the director doesn’t take care of their thoughts and opinions and stop to supply new concepts, because they already know they will not end up being heard. Staff also don’t have feeling of responsibility for quality of their labor. As soon as they will don’t have possibility to be initiative, they miss work as determination.
Another type of management is co-operation. This is design of leadership, if a manager attempts to join persons for “fulfillment of the target, without strict control (Kondo 2000, s. 113). This is a form of discussion, not monologue. The leader provides for a connecting-link. He works in a team, making sure that aims of the definite group corresponds to the aims of organization altogether. At the same time this individual takes care that organizational group receives every necessary assets. The leader creates atmosphere of confidence and openness, and such the best way people may always question him pertaining to help if necessary. Such double-sided communication plays determining role in co-operation process.
These kinds of style of command is good in fact. Especially it is good if it is important to support peace and harmony, to increase mental nature in the working team, to ascertain communication in order to restore confidence. For example , there were a working group, which was handled by innovator, who supported control as his design of leadership. This individual achieved is designed of business at the same time banging together his workers. Naturally , he was doomed to failure and the firm experienced ambiance of total distrust and weariness. The newest leader, the honest and sincere person, established atmosphere of co-operation and the organization was salvaged.
Still, we all don’t advise to comply with such type of leadership only. There is a weak spot ” the special focus on encouragement. It may happen that nobody will certainly re-do an undesirable work or somebody could have impression the fact that atmosphere of co-operation and friendly relationships can recompense such awful attitude to work.
Another type of leadership is autonomy. Such innovator understands that the labor can be described as natural process. When circumstances are favorable, people is going to take the responsibility increase in glad to acquire it. This kind of leader considers that if people have regards to organizational aims, they will employ self-control and self-management. This sort of relationship can be described as function of recompense, which is connected with achievements of goal. The leader views that all people have ability to solve problems, whereas intellectual potential of typical worker is used partially.
Due to such placement, more democratic leader prefers such components of effect, which charm to needs of higher level: high purpose, autonomy and self-expression. This sort of leader avoids imposing his will upon workers. Organizations, which have these kinds of democratic style, are seen as “high magnitude of decentralization of power (Hemphill 1954, p. 47).
Workers have active part in acquiring decisions and possess wide liberty in performing tasks. The manager talks about aims of organization and very often enables to his subordinates determining their own seeks in accordance with all those aims, which usually he created before. The leader doesn’t execute strict control in the process of work. On the contrary, the manager is waiting until the work will be achieved completely, after which after estimates it.
As much as such innovator supposes that people are determined by demands of higher level ” in social relationships ” this individual tries to make obligations of his subordinates more attractive. He tries to create situation, wherever people will be able to make self-motivation to some extent, since their function is liked as compensation. The leader also helps to understand his workers they are able to solve the major component to their concerns by themselves, and in addition they don’t have to look for his support or approval.
Nevertheless, such style of leadership, although it is pretty good, likewise cannot be utilized as in order of management. Leaders, whom apply to autonomy, rarely provide advises. Therefore , the workers need to think by way of a own. When folks have to be guided by some authority, at times they cannot receive direct and clear instructions to find a solution. It means that individuals can take more responsibility than they are able to control. In case a firm will be well guided by such style of management only, it could suffer failures.
Probably, this really is a reason that such style of leadership is often used combined with control. Respected leaders formulate tasks and explain tips on how to fulfill all of them. Then once they appeal to “leaders which establish co-operation and autonomy (Edgeman 98, p. 190) among the subordinates and the goal will be accomplished for sure.
Such style of leadership also has negative consequences. Not necessarily very successful, when subordinates are not qualified enough to work as remote group. These kinds of kind of leadership also may not be used when a company experience crisis.
Nonetheless, we can admit leadership, who may be oriented about people (co-operation and autonomy), is acceptable in somewhat favorable scenarios. Leader, oriented on the happiness of job (such type of leadership because control), is capable of better results than leader, who will be oriented about people. Nevertheless, we need taking into consideration human element, because supervision can be effective or not successful, depending on how group welcomes it: while power or perhaps as innovator.
Researches in neuro-scientific leadership show that there are conditions, where executors behave themselves at the degree of lower requirements (one system of value ” controlling form of leadership). In such scenarios more democratic style, which requires autonomy or co-operation and it can decrease the level of all their satisfaction via work and influence success of work. For instance , manager can ask his subordinates for taking decision the right way to fulfill the activity.
Still, in the event they have no respect towards the labor with their colleagues (if they are unable to co-operate or perhaps take impartial decisions), they’re not going to be able to acknowledge the administration style as positive element. Moreover, these kinds of proposal of co-operation or perhaps autonomy may spoil the full process of operate, when people are accustomed to be managed. Still, the position of strict autocracy also can bring bad results.
An effective leader should know requirements, motivation, standard of his subordinates and their potential abilities. In the event that the working group is heterogeneous, the leader will face contradictions and complications. So , the simplest way is to use a combination coming from all three models, because every one of them separately is definitely not effective.
Edgeman, David L. (1998) Principle ” centered command and key value creation, The TQM Magazine, Volume. 10
Hemphill, J. (1954) A proposed theory of leadership in small group ” Second primary report, Columbus
Juran, J. M. (1991) Strategies for top notch quality, Top quality Progress, Volume. 24
Kondo, Y. (2000). Participation and Leadership, Budapest, Proceedings 44th EOQ Our elected representatives, Vol. 2