The Economic Problems of Great The uk 1919-1939 Great britain was a trading nation and its particular prosperity was built on her early industrialization however following WWI The uk became a debtor land, causes of this kind of include: Great britain was challenged as different countries developing New post-WWI trading habits were not in favour of Britain Great britain had small left (after war debts) for transfer payments The post-WWI within protectionism ruined Britain given the nature of her economy (trade based) The break up of A. H. miserable Britain of a valuable foreign trade market English industry was becoming outdated Solutions to Britains economic challenges: Exporting more Import less Increase unseen exports Difficulties w/ the solutions: To export more, Britain would need to produce inexpensively and easily which intended either: Applying more efficient methods of production (v. expensive) Lowering pay/ elevating work load (socially unacceptable) To import significantly less Britain would have to impose charges on foreign goods (this would be unpopular b/c The uk was a key importer of food and for that reason this would result in a reduction in living specifications. ) To improve invisible export products Britain will have to restore self-confidence in her economic protection. To do this Great britain: Announced in 1923 that this would honor all battle debts also to do this taxes increased and British products became more costly (therefore noticeable exports declined)
Released in 1925 that it will return to the Gold Standard this pushed up the benefit of the pound which triggered expensive British goods and British uncompetitivness. (the Platinum Standard was abandoned in 1931) Through the inter-war period, high U. led to interpersonal unrest and led to five changes in United kingdom Gov. (btw 1919-1931) The National Govt 1931-1940 Had taken Britain off the Gold Regular Free Trade was deserted High charges were imposed on items (those thought of being in Britain) An import work of 10% was made A system of imperial tastes was create w/ free of charge trade by the way Britain and her disposition Reduced rates of interest (easier to borrow) Restrictions were imposed on the foreign trade of capital Wages were driven down by the depression and heavy U. Imports of recycleables were more affordable b/c of the depression Improvements in manufacturing lowered prices Affordable prices led to improved consumption in spite of lower income The nationwide Gov. caused the small origins of a slow recovery.
The Financial Problems of France 1919-1939 But , Italy had been the major battlefield intended for WWI and suffered considerably as a result. Her problems had been: Loss of income in areas which was devastated by war Personal bankruptcy of the People from france treasury (due to substantial borrowing) Manpower shortage due to heavy conflict losses The newly designed industrial sector promoted operate while the gardening sector offered projectionist plans. The taxation system was outdated and inefficient The French Gov. relied too much about reparations France needed a great economically solid Germany nevertheless politicians wanted to impact Germany. With regards to Germany and Britain, Portugal performed well at the twenties. France relied less upon trade and more on culture and suffered less in the shrinkage on planet Trade. England had a good agricultural foundation France acquired resource-rich areas from Germany The droit was undervalued and this helped French export products The French Gov. was divided and poor, and could require decisive actions (such action in Great britain deteriorated the situation rather then increased it) Challenges in the thirties: Serious U. and issues in cultivation and market, in response the Socialists (unpopularily: ) Decreased salaries inside the civil support Reduced pensions to ex-servicemen Closed down public work schemes Improved taxes about Consumer Goods (1934-1936 the right wing Gov. came to electricity, later extremist right wingers attempted a coup which in turn failed and led to the rise to power of the Popular Front) The Policies of the Popular Entrance Its win was and then a series of attacks by ind. workers This kind of brought our economy to a standstill and Led the right side to fear wave The Matignon Agreement: (1936) (agreement btw left and right side Gov. factions) Its procedures were: 12% rise in wages / nationalization of equipment works / greater Gov. control over your bank of France / paid vacation for almost all workers / a forty hour week / acknowledgement of transact union rights / the end of profession of production facilities and the owners retained control The problem of the agreement was the question of paying for the agreed reforms. At first the Gov. counted on credit Later the franc was devalued but this did not stimulate restoration b/c from the reduction of production (due to a forty five hour week) Why was the Gov. unable to deal w/ the problems? Large debts have been incurred and the leadership demoralized There was a large/powerful gardening lobby Sector was backwards Those who controlled financial institutions (rich industrialists) were conservative Municipal Service control lay in the hands of right wingers who were against reform People from france politics had been polarized and cooperation by the way left and right was small. The Economy of the USSR during the period 1919-1939 The introduction in 1928 of your new system of central organizing brought about fast development The USSR began to catch up with the advanced countries of the West.
For what reason did the USSR enough time Great Depression? The girl developed her economy in isolation of the world trading program and: Stalin aimed at reaching autarky also to this end lessened the value of imports upon the USSR The USSR was isolated diplomatically. (the USA established diplomatic relations w/ the USSR in 1933) The Gov. had great control over our economy (ie: rates and pay were fixed) Soviet industry was not consumer oriented There is no possibility of speculation by bank No independent labor unions, and so no troublesome strikes There is not the vast inequalities in riches distribution that existed in the West And there were: No politics opposition Not any interest teams to are at odds of economic steps The Gov. was not be subject to public judgment But: The methods were not transferable to the Western world (the USSR was a totalitarian state) Lurking behind economic success lay servant labor camps, mass accomplishments and from suppliers starvation (in parts of the USSR) The Soviet program proved over the years to be adamant and not able to progress beyond a certain stage. The Economical Problems of Germany 1919-1939 Political lack of stability / Germans did not acknowledge the metabolic rate of the Weimar Republic Germany lost her colonies and territories (therefore resources, inhabitants and industry) when your woman most necessary them Philippines had to pay out reparations Anti-German feelings had been high and this damaged A language like german exports Indonesia had to hand over huge volumes of industrial machines, merchant delivery, railway engines, and carriages which were required by Australia Parts of Australia were busy 1919-1923: Every progress was destroyed by occupation from the Ruhr. Because the economy collapsed, the foreign currency became worthless and cultural unrest increased. 1924-1929: Indonesia began to restore economically (w/ the Dawes and Fresh plans) 1929-1933: Germanys economic system was damaged by the Great Depression / this kind of led to the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazis The Economic Policy with the Nazis: Hitler seemed to possess brought by the late thirties an economic miraculous, his methods were: An increased degree of central planning The application of production objectives for essential areas The utilization of strict settings on the syndication of recycleables A travel towards autarky / reducing of imports Labor Unions were removed as early as 1934 Measures to minimize U. included: Increases in public places works Rapid expansion in the armed forces Banning certain sociable groups via certain careers * The expansion of the Fascista party 5.