“What can be Africa in my opinion? ” (Cullen, Line 10). Heritage is usually an Dark-colored poem simply by Countee Cullen that was written during the Harlem Renaissance. Cullen came to be in a generally white childhood; therefore he had no experience in African culture or perhaps heritage and was mixed up. His Photography equipment heritage concerns him; however, because he must adapt to the orders of the mostly light culture which is not concerned with his cultural beginnings. This poem is generally the internal discord of Countee Cullen within the dilemma of a modern Black aware of his rich Local African traditions but trapped in a clean and sterile conformist American culture that offer him simply stereotypical regarding his historical past and no accurate unbiased belief of his own traditions.
In Historical past Cullen uses literary devices such as imagery, symbolism and irony to exhibit that he can conflicted on his view of his African heritage. Cullen uses symbolism as a fictional device to show his dilemma of Africa heritage. Therefore Cullen commences with a question concerning the mother nature of an abstract and rather remote The african continent.
“What is Africa to me, copper sun or perhaps scarlet marine, jungle superstar or jungle track, solid bronzed guys, or regal black, girls from in whose loins I actually sprang, when the birds of Eden sang” (Cullen, Lines 1-6).
This quote reveals how Cullen lists several concrete photos which act as specific emphases for his conflicting opinions of his native land. This reveals an Africa Americans perspective of The african continent. For example in the phrase “jungle star or jungle track”; the 1st part “jungle star” contains a positive connotation and the second part “jungle track” has a negative meaning. In a way the positive connotations symbolize African point of view and the unfavorable connotations stand for African point of view. “Sung by wild philistine birds, Goading massive new world herds, Juggernauts of drag that move, Trampling taller defiant lawn, Where youthful forest lovers lie, Plighting troth underneath the sky” (Cullen, Lines 13-17). In contrast to the first quotations the second images quote reveals a purely American perspective of The african continent. This quote shows the stereotypical perspective of Africa that Cullen was given for his whole child years. This estimate compared to the 1st shows that The african continent was a untamed barbaric place.
These two views really mixed up him. Besides Cullen employ imagery being a literary gadget to show his confusion on his heritage yet he likewise uses meaning as a literary device that show this too. Cullen furthermore works on the symbolism with the drum to exhibit that even if he will try he are not able to block out his heritage. “So I lie, who constantly hear, nevertheless I put against my personal ear, my thumbs, and keep them generally there, great plats throbbing through the air” (Cullen, Lines 19-22). This quotation shows that he is trying to stop his traditions.
Despite this work he even now hears the drum which symbolizes tribe beats via Africa. This kind of shows that American culture provides forced Cullen to refuse the primitive African tempos that signal through his body. “Who find no peace, night or day, zero slight relieve, from the unremittent beat, of cruel cushioned feet, going for walks through my body’s street” (Cullen, Lines 64-68). In this quote reassures the point that he seems this tribe beat no matter what he does or what his condition he seems the beat within his blood and bone tissues that this individual cannot eliminate. Not only does the writer use symbolism as a literary device to illustrate his dilemma in the heritage but he also uses paradox as another application to show this.
Finally Cullen uses irony to show that he still has not arrive to term about what his true historical past really is. “I belong to Jesus Christ… though I consult with my mouth area thus, during my heart, do I play a double component, ever at thy glowing altar, must my cardiovascular system grow sick and tired and flop, wishing this individual I dished up were black” (Cullen, Lines 96-101). This kind of quote demonstrate irony as they states that he is Christ, nevertheless later on he states that truly in his heart this individual wishes his god was black just like him. This show that even if he thinks that he features decided which usually side to select he still has not truly done so. “Nor yet offers my cardiovascular system or brain, in the least approach realized, they will and I will be civilized” (Cullen, Lines 126-128). This offer shows that this individual still has not really decided but; but this individual still actually he still says “they and I happen to be civilized”. This can be ironic because the line ahead of “Nor however has my heart or head, in the least way realized” contradicts this kind of statement.
With this African American poem to show that he is conflicted on his perspective of his African historical past, Cullen uses literary gadgets such as images, symbolism and irony. The circumstances he had in the past did not demonstrate him the angle of his people; he was constantly offer only the American point of view of Africa. This kind of gave him a great inner dilemma of his personal heritage because in his blood he had satisfaction. At the end on this poem he could be still conflicted about what his stance genuinely is. The lesson on this poem is the fact despite in your area and what biased data you receive you can never forget your origins.
Cullen, Countee. “Heritage. ” The Poetry Foundation: Find Poetry and Poets. Discover Poetry. The Poetry Foundation, in. d. Web. 4 Nov. 2014.