The nation was among the birthplaces of mankind and is located in the middle of ancient civilizations. Furthermore the country is known to be among the most progressive and secular Islamic societies. Besides having been the first Muslim country to have operas, theatre plays, and a democratic republic, Azerbaijan today is probably the Muslim countries where support for secularism and threshold is the highest. The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the 1st democratic and secular republic in the Muslim world, was established in 1918, but was designed into the Soviet Union in 1920.
Azerbaijan obtained independence in 1991. The Constitution of Azerbaijan does not declare an official faith but the majority of people adhere to the Shia branch of Islam, although Muslim identity is commonly based more on traditions and ethnicity rather than religion and Azerbaijan remains as one of the most tolerante majority-Muslim international locations. The pre-Turkic Azerbaijani populace spoke a great Iranian dialect called the Azeri language, which was gradually replaced by a Turkic vocabulary, now known as the Azerbaijani language from the 11th century onward until it became completely vanished in the sixteenth century.
To distinguish it in the Turkic Azerbaijani or Azeri language, this kind of Iranian dialect, is selected as the Azeri terminology (or Older Azeri language), because the Turkic language and people are also specified as “Azeri in the Local language. Azerbaijan is in the To the south Caucasus region of Eurasia, straddling European Asia and Eastern Europe. It is placed between latitudes 38 and 42 N, and longitudes 44 and 51 At the. The total length of Azerbaijan’s land borders is definitely 2, 648 km (1, 645 mi), of which 1007 kilometers happen to be with Armenia, 756 miles with Usa, 480 miles with Atlanta, 390 kilometers with Russia and 15 kilometers with Turkey.
The coastline exercises for 800 km (497 mi), plus the length of the widest area of the Azerbaijani section of the Caspian Marine is 456 km (283 mi). The territory of Azerbaijan runs 400 kilometers (249 mi) from north to southern region, and five-hundred km (311 mi) from west to east. Three physical features dominate Azerbaijan: the Caspian Sea, whose shoreline forms a natural border to the east; the Greater Caucasus mountain selection to the north; and the considerable flatlands with the country’s center. There are also three mountain runs, the Greater and Lesser Caucasus, and the Talysh Mountains, with each other covering about 40 percent of the nation.
The main drinking water sources would be the surface waters. However , simply 24 from the 8, three hundred and fifty rivers happen to be greater than 100 km (62 mi) in length. Every one of the rivers drain into the Caspian Sea in the east from the country. Considering that the independence of Azerbaijan 20 years ago, the Azerbaijani government offers taken extreme measures aid the environment of Azerbaijan. Although national safeguard of the environment started to really improve after 2001 if the state spending budget increased because of new profits provided by the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline.
Within 4 years guarded areas doubled and now make up eight percent of the country’s territory. Seeing that 2001 the federal government has set up seven large stores and almost bending the sector of the budget earmarked to get environmental protection. Azerbaijan’s various landscape impacts the ways air masses enter the country. The more Caucasus protects the country coming from direct impacts of chilly air public coming from the north. That leads for the formation of subtropical environment on most rolling hills and flatlands of the nation. Meanwhile, plains and rolling hills are characterized by high solar radiation prices.
Rivers and lakes make up the principal section of the water devices of Azerbaijan; they were shaped over a very long geological time-frame and improved significantly during that period. This is specifically evidenced by simply fragments of ancient estuaries and rivers found through the entire country. The country’s water systems are continually changing under the influence of all-natural forces and human presented industrial actions. Artificial waterways (canals) and ponds certainly are a part of Azerbaijan’s water systems. From the hydrant point, Azerbaijan is under the average in the world with about 100, 500 m? year of drinking water per km?. The first reports on the richness and variety of creature life in Azerbaijan are available in travel paperwork of Asian travelers. Dog carvings in architectural typical monuments, ancient rubble and rocks survived to the present occasions. The initial information on the pet kingdom of Azerbaijan was collected through the visits of naturalists to Azerbaijan in 17th 100 years. Unlike fauna, the concept of creature kingdom addresses not only the kinds of animals, nevertheless also the number of individual varieties.
There are 106 species of mammals, 97 species of fish, 363 species of birds, 10 types of amphibians and 52 species of reptiles which were recorded and classified in Azerbaijan. The national dog of Azerbaijan is the Karabakh horse, a mountain-steppe sporting and using horse endemic to Azerbaijan. The Karabakh horse contains a reputation due to its good mood, speed, beauty and intellect. It is among the oldest breeds, with origins dating towards the ancient universe. Azerbaijan’s vegetation consists of a lot more than 4, five-hundred species of higher plants.
Due the unique weather in Azerbaijan, the vegetation is much wealthier in the quantity of species compared to the flora of the other republics of the South Caucasus. Azerbaijan is definitely divided into 12 economic parts; 66 lueur and seventy seven cities that 11 are under the direct authority in the republic. Likewise, Azerbaijan includes the Autonomous Republic of Nakhchivan. The President of Azerbaijan appoints the governors of these products, while the federal government of Nakhchivan is elected and approved by the legislative house of Nakhchivan Self-ruling Republic. Tourism is an important part of the economy of Azerbaijan.
The country’s large plethora of normal and social attractions make it a nice-looking destination of visitors. The was a recognized tourist place in the eighties; yet, the Nagorno-Karabakh War during the 1990s crippled the tourist sector and destroyed the image of Azerbaijan as being a tourist destination. It was not really until 2000s that the travel and leisure industry began to recover, plus the country offers since skilled a high charge of expansion in the range of tourist trips and immediately stays. In the recent years, Azerbaijan has also becoming a popular place to go for religious, day spa, and medical care tourism.
About 95 percent of the foule are Muslims. 85% in the Muslims happen to be Shia Muslims and 15% Sunni Muslims, and the Republic of Azerbaijan has the Second highest Shia population percentage after Serbia. There are some additional faiths practiced among the diverse ethnic groups within the country. By article 48 of its Cosmetic, Azerbaijan is actually a secular express and guarantees religious independence. Of the place’s religious minorities, Christians are mostly Russian and Georgian Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic (almost all Armenians live in the break-away place of Nagorno-Karabakh).
The culture of Azerbaijan has developed resulting from many impacts. Today, European influences, which includes globalized client culture, happen to be strong. Countrywide traditions are very well preserved in the country. Some of the main elements of the Azerbaijani culture are: music, literature, people dances and art, delicacies, architecture, cinematography and Novruz Bayram. These is the classic celebration from the ancient New Year. Novruz is known as a family holiday. The traditional delicacies is famous for richness of fruit and vegetables and produce used semi-annually in the dishes.
Fresh herbal products, including mint, dill, basil, parsley, tarragon, leeks, chives, thyme, marjoram, green onion, and watercress, are very popular and often come with main meals on the table. Climatic diversity and fertility of the land happen to be reflected inside the national meals, which are depending on fish from the Caspian Sea, local beef (mainly mutton and beef), and a great deal of seasonal vegetables and shades of green. Saffron-rice trick is the range topping food in Azerbaijan and black tea is the national beverage.
Azerbaijan”Turkey relations have been strong together with the two often being described as “one land with two states by the ex-president of Azerbaijan Abulfaz Elchibey as a result of a common traditions and background, and the mutual intelligibility of Turkish and Azerbaijani. Poultry has been a staunch supporter of Azerbaijan in its efforts to consolidate the independence, maintain its comarcal integrity and realize its economic potential arising from the rich all-natural resources with the Caspian Marine. The countries share a quick border, together with the Aras River separating Chicken from the Nakhchivan exclave just for a few kilometers.
Today, the partnership with Azerbaijan represents the “most significant bilateral partnership in current Turkish foreign policy whilst Azerbaijani international policy states its relationship with Turkey as one of the most long-lasting bilateral interactions, as proved in aligned political affairs, mutual assistance in the parts of trade, trade, finance, technology, academics, in addition to the arts and sciences; the sharing of presidency and armed forces intelligence, and joint overcome operations and peace keeping missions carried out between Azerbaijani Armed Forces and Turkish Armed Forces.