School American College or university Skopje Institution of Organization Administration Final paper Planting season Semester 2011 International Supervision , Globalisation Instructor: Student: Professor Dimitrios E. Akrivoulis Vlatko Bogoevski ID: 9243 Skopje, The spring, 2011 Desk of content material: Globalization Effect of the the positive effect Positive effects with the globalization • Increased Competition • Job • Expense and Capital Flows • Foreign Transact • Spread of Technological Know-How • Spread of Culture • Spread of Education • Legal and Ethical Effects Negative impact of the the positive effect • Career issues Safety and security concerns • Environmental problems • Various other negative effects Precisely what is the influence of the the positive effect process in India Globalization effect for the Indian girls What are the key players at the same time of Globalizations • Transnational Corporations • Investors • World Control Organization • World Traditional bank and IMF • U. S.
Treasury Department • NGO’s Fuzy: The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and assess the topic of Globalization. Specifically it will discuss good and unwanted side effects of the Globalizations, and how it reflected for the Indian market.
In addition , it will provide information of the key players in the globalization method and which usually organizations played out the most important rule in setting up the foreign law and regulations. Brief summary: It is crystal clear that the positive effect is anything more than a simply economic phenomenon manifesting on its own on a global scale. Based on my broader research from the topic of globalization as well as effects, we may conclude the fact that process has had many confident and negative aspects. A lot of countries gained more benefits than others, some people lost their jobs while some of those get work using the advantages of the the positive effect.
Taking the great side along the way, I believe that international organizations and government authorities have to support the phenomenon of globalization by applying fair rules equal for a lot of players and countries. Foreign organization like WTO, World Bank, IMF have to foreseen the countries especially developing countries to improve the criteria of attracting international companies in which the resources, safety and region stability would be the main requirements of appealing to foreign capital, rather than exploitation labor force or perhaps neglecting the main safety and environmental standards.
By setting up a fair competition the trend of multi nationals companies will certainly slow down and may provide area for advancement and maintain of small and moderate companies. Tight law and regulations has to be foreseen in the international businesses to the government authorities and key players (multinational companies) at the same time of the positive effect in which they may monitor the effects and take those right actions that will enhance only the confident and useful aspects. Globalization People on the globe are much even more connected than ever before.
Goods and services manufactured in Asia or Africa short after can be found on the other regions in the world. Travelers moving in various other countries even more frequent. Foreign communication depending on last technology achievements, (the internet) get people to to communicate in much simpler way than previously. Information, info, and cash flow happen to be trade all over the world quickly than ever before. This phenomenon has been named as The positive effect. In the modern world globalizations has been identified as system of marketing communications and contact among the countries that will help to formulate the global economy and people living standard.
This mostly identifies the integration of trade and industry, politics and cultural exchanges worldwide.  Joseph Stiglitz, a great economist and winner with the Nobel Award defines the positive effect as the closer the use of the countries and peoples of the world , brought about by the enormous reduction of costs of transportation and communication, as well as the breaking down of artificial obstacles to the flows of goods, companies, capital, knowledge, and people around borders.  Impact in the globalization
Several argue that globalization is a great development mainly because it will help to develop new companies and will create more opportunities in developing countries, while additional says the globalization can be negative. They believe that it may push poorer countries of the world to do whatever the big developed countries tell them to accomplish. Another viewpoint is that designed countries, just like USA, Canada, are the kinds who may lose out because they are involved in outsourcing many of the making jobs that used to be achieved by their own citizens.
Results of the the positive effect: The positive effects are many and extremely beneficial for everyone in all countries. The subsequent effects had been identified as the benefits of the Globalization: Improved Competition It’s more than evident if the marketplace is bigger plus more companies could offer the products perfectly market and under same conditions the last consumers could feel the benefic in terms of financial and top quality. Customer service approaches to production include led to improved quality of goods and companies.
As the domestic companies have to combat out foreign competition, they may be compelled to improve their standards and customer satisfaction levels in order to survive available in the market. Employment Many organisations like NIKE, Mercedes, Procter, Gamble, possess transferred the production into producing countries having the opportunity to use the benefits of it, like reducing the lack of employment rate, bigger government income expectation due to different income taxes etc . Yet , the work benefit of the globalization might have unfavorable effect.
Due to global nature of the businesses, people of developing countries can obtain employment opportunities, but the produced countries have lost jobs due to this motion of jobs to the growing world. Expenditure and Capital Flows One of the positive influences of the positive effect in China is the movement of overseas capital. Many organisations have immediately invested in China by starting the production industries there. China companies which were performing well, both in Chinese suppliers and in foreign countries, will attract a lot of international investment, and pushes the reserve of foreign exchange obtainable in China.
Also this is one of the results of the positive effect in US and other created countries as developing countries give them a good investment proposition. Overseas Trade Overseas trade has received positive impact data in the history. Globalization process through several organization just like World Control Organization, IMF and others have been established expecting to to control and regulate the trade activities of the countries.  Pass on of Specialized Know-How It really is generally assumed that all the innovations happen in the produced countries.
Because of globalization the know-how has developing countries that make them to use some great benefits of it and speed up the developing process. Without the positive effect the knowledge of recent inventions, medicines would continue in the countries that came up, and no one particular else will benefit. Although due to improved political ties, there is a flow of information the two ways. Distributed of specialized know how might be counted among the most positive aspect of the globalization.  Spread of Culture This effect of globalization has many great impacts but also we may find it since reason of intolerance among different ethnicities that leads to wars.
Communities have become larger as they include welcomed persons of various other civilizations and backgrounds and created a totally new culture that belongs to them. Cooking models, languages and customs possess spread all due to globalization. The same can be stated about films, musical variations and other skill forms. They as well have transferred from one country to another, leaving an impression on the culture that has adopted these people. Spread of Education Probably the most powerful positive effects of the positive effect to the people is a spread of education. People from diverse continents may well study abroad and increasing the positive knowledge may not find in their individual country.
An illustration of this that is how the American managers went to Japan to learn the very best practices in the field of mass creation and integrated that expertise in their personal production products. Legal and Ethical Effects Gone are the days the place that the limited legislation became a barrier inside the prosecution of criminals. These days due to foreign courts of justice, these types of criminals cannot seek safety in a foreign country. Due to globalization, there is also an understanding involving the security companies and the authorities of two or more different countries who will get together to curb global terrorism.
This can be undoubtedly probably the most positive effects of globalization in society.  Negative effects of the globalization Globalization provides the negative side too. Opponents in the globalization emphasize the following unwanted side effects: Employment issues Many companies possess transferred the manufacturing work in developing countries like China and tiawan where the expense of the production goods are lower. That means fewer jobs intended for the people in developed countries. Programmers, scrivener and others in developed countries lost all their job due to outsourcing to cheaper area like Pakistan, India. Etc .
In extra, globalization has resulted in exploitation of labor. P Prisoners and child employees are used to operate inhumane circumstances while protection standards happen to be ignored to create cheap merchandise. Job insecurity seems to be genuine problem of globalization. Whilst in the past people had secure and long lasting jobs, today they are in constant fear of burning off their careers to competition. Increased work competition has led to salary decrease and reduce standards of living. Security and safety concerns Modern technology does not mean that usually will be used in a proper way, like to improve the people your life or to benefit the global economic system.
Terrorists search on the internet to speak between themselves and also they get access to sophisticated weapons that increase their ability to instill damages. This is undoubtedly the negative effects of the globalization.  Environmental problems Many companies in the developing countries have build the industries causing pollution due to the poor environmental rules. Other negative effects: • Poor aspects of international cultures will be affecting the local cultures through TV and the Internet. • Enemy international locations and organization can distributed propaganda through the Internet.
The domino impact in the Egypt and Libya come as the consequence of fast and easy stations of shifting information. • Deadly disorders are becoming spread by travelers to the remotest edges of the world. • The rise in rates has decreased the government’s ability to support social welfare schemes in developed countries. • Multinational companies and corporations that have been previously restricted to commercial actions are increasingly influencing politics decisions.  What is the influence with the globalization process in India
India opened the economy to get foreign buyers in the early nineties. The newest government features implemented regulation, regulations, and globalization approach that will be in favor of international businesses and radically pushed frontward market focused economy. The us government of India made within its monetary policy in 1991 by which this allowed immediate foreign investments in the country. As a result of this, the positive effect of the Indian Industry came about on a major scale. Liberalization that began in the 1990’s included the subsequent major improvements: Modifying from the industrial license regime, • Reduction in the amount of areas reserved for the public sector, • Amendment of the monopolies and the limited trade practices, • Start of the privatization plan, • Reduction in tariff costs and change over to market decided exchange rates.  Through the years the liberalization of the American indian market turn into reality, more and more sectors made available for overseas direct opportunities facilitating the entry of industries like steel, pharmaceutical, petroleum, substance, textile, cement, retail and etc.
One of the superb changes, the sharply reduction of the tariffs rates contributed to speed up the foreign expense. “The Indian tariff prices reduced by average of 72. five per cent in 1991-92 to twenty-four. 6 in 1996-97. Even though tariff prices went up slowly in the late nineties this touched 35. 1% in 2001-02. India is dedicated to reduced contract price rates. Top tariff rates are to be lowered to be lowered to the minimal with a peak rate of 20%, in another 2 years the majority of nontariff obstacles have been disassembled by Mar 2002, which include almost all quantitative restrictions.  One of the major affects of the globalization in Indian industry is the fact many international companies have decided to invest there particularly in the pharmaceutical, petroleum, and developing industries. It helped Indian economy to build up significantly. Individuals investments offers reduced the unemployment level in region and helped bring highly advanced technology that helped to make the Of india Industry more technologically advanced. The many negative effects of Globalization on Indian Industry are that it increased competition between the international and home-based companies.
Products produced by the other companies were cheaper and better to one produced by the domestic businesses. It decreased the profit of the domestic corporations and many persons lost the jobs. This occurred mainly inside the pharmaceutical, developing, chemical, and steel companies. The negative effects of The positive effect on American indian Industry are that with the coming of technology the number of labor necessary decreased and this resulted with higher unemployment rate.  Globalization result to the American indian women: The positive effect has had negative implications intended for Indian females.
According to estimates by World Expansion Indicators, “Women work two-thirds of the world’s working several hours, produce half the world’s food, but earn only ten percent of the world’s income, and own less than one percent of the planet’s property. “ In India most of the women work two full time jobs. One in a factory exactly where they are paid almost nothing, the other is in home where they are really paid nothing. One example of women’s labor being used would be the Noida Export Control Zone, which can be 24 kilometres from New Delhi. These “zones” prefer to hire women since they are more docile and more effective in men.
In short they are really easier to control and fewer likely to retaliate against below ideal operating conditions, which can be exactly what thousands of women face 12 hours each day. The sector is dangerous, hot, and unsanitary. Pointless body searches are routine. There are not any maternity benefits and minimal wage will certainly not be enforced. Girls that become pregnant or perhaps marry will be immediately dismissed. Overtime is compulsory nevertheless women are paid reduce rates than men. In order to avoid being fired, women turn to unsafe abortions performed by unqualified “doctors. In the area “respiratory problems, pelvic inflammatory disease, and sever circumstances of lacks and low blood count are common. “ What are the key players along the way of Globalizations Transnational Businesses: Large companies (such as Nike, Hanes, Dole, Exxon, etc . ) that work mostly in developing countries, are not regulated by any international human body and because making a profit can be their main responsibility, they often times move factories in nations around the world that offer the lowest wages, environmental standards, fees, etc . with aim to take full advantage of the profit and lower the production costs.
From the world’s principal economic monetary powers (with the largest revenue), 49 happen to be countries— and 51 are corporations.  Investors: Expenditure firms, banking institutions, mutual money and hedge funds, etc ., who “move” money about constantly, buying and selling internationally. Universe Trade Firm: “The Standard Agreement about Tariffs and Trade and international transact agreement which developed in the Bretton Hardwoods Conference. This kind of conference as well created WTO the United Nations, the World Lender and the Foreign Monetary Pay for.
The WTO develops and enforces operate rules for all those member nations around the world, for example it might decide that certain country’s environmental standards happen to be unfair obstacles to control. World Lender and IMF: The World Lender and IMF make financial loans for creation purposes (roads, power plants, etc . ) to producing countries to go people out of low income and into self-sufficiency. Once poor countries fall behind in loan repayments (they cannot seek personal bankruptcy protection just like corporations including Enron can), the Bank makes additional financial loans that influence the poor country’s economic system therefore it can pay back the developing interest.
These types of structural adjusting policies (SAPs) have meant countries in Africa, for example , have had to cut back funding for health care, education, and interpersonal services. People in these counties must right now grow foodstuff for foreign trade to pay off financial loans rather than intended for feeding their own people. U. S. Treasury Department: U. S. Treasury department regulates 17% worldwide Bank and IMF decision-making power by giving it a greater share of power than any other region in decisions. It also performs a prominent role in the WTO. Most of its decisions in these physiques are molded by the U. S.
Treasury Department which in turn handles monetary and forex matters pertaining to U. H. Government. NGO’s: nongovernmental organizations are a wide range of non-profit groupings representing different communities and segments of civil contemporary society. Such groups are progressively working together through growing sites to bring positive change and economic rights to people in poverty minus power. “ List of sources: http://global_india1. tripod. com/negative. htm http://www. scribd. com/doc/49266417/Effects-of-Globalization-on-Indian-Industry http://www. buzzle. com/articles/negative-effects-of-globalization. tml http://iecblogs. org/informational/globlisation-its-impact-on-india http://usforeignpolicy. about. com/od/trade/a/whatisgz. htm http://mindtools. net/GlobCourse/gdef. shtml http://ezinearticles. com/? The-Positive-Effects-of-Globalization, id=1126427 http://www. buzzle. com/articles/negative-effects-of-globalization. html http://iecblogs. org/informational/globlisation-its-impact-on-india Business Company And Management (For Delhi University W. Com Hons. Course http://www. scribd. com/doc/49266417/Effects-of-Globalization-on-Indian-Industry by Phillip Tomlinson, http://www. simulconference. om/clients/sowf/dispatches/dispatch22. html http://www. ramveena. com/p/ramveena-india-is-one-of-few-countries. html http://juan-globalization. blogspot. com/ http://members. iimetro. com. au/~hubbca/globalisation. htm http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/World_Trade_Organization http://riskreport. weforum. org/ Terms: 2779 , , , , , , , ,  http://usforeignpolicy. about. com/od/trade/a/whatisgz. htm  http://mindtools. net/GlobCourse/gdef. shtml  http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/World_Trade_Organization  http://members. iimetro. com. au/~hubbca/globalisation. htm  http://ezinearticles. com/?
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