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Hatshepsut or cleopatra essay

Pharaonic and Ptolemaic Egypt had been ruled by a “king, ” and the Egyptian ideal of succession was from dad to son (Shaw, 2003). The female family of the ruling king often played significant roles in the rule of Egypt, as well as the ideology of kingship itself was a very careful blend of both equally male and feminine elements. Girls that ruled autonomously as king were uncommon in Dynastic Egypt, but it did occur; the best-known examples of this kind of are Hatshepsut (from the 18th Dynasty) and Hatshepsut VII (from the Ptolemaic period) (Tyldesley, 1995).

Hatshepsut, the fifth leader of the eighteenth Dynasty, was your daughter of Thutmose I and Full Ahmose. After the death of her dad, she hitched her half-brother, Thutmose II, who had a son, Thutmose III, with a minor wife. When Thutmose II passed away in 1479 B. C. his child, Thutmose 3, underwent coronation. Due to the kid’s young age, Hatshepsut took the position of regent (Tyldesley, 1995). Hatshepsut did not wait for her nephew to come of age and take power.

As a favorite daughter of the popular Pharaoh, and as a charismatic and beautiful woman in her own proper, she command word a following strong enough to consider control. The lady ruled as regent until 1473, once she announced herself Pharaoh of Egypt (Tyldesley, 1995).

Hatshepsut, as a woman, experienced many obstacles to overcome. To have a girl pharaoh was unprecedented and probably unusual as well. There were always a threat of revolt, especially as her stepson came up of age. Using propaganda and keen politics skills, the girl overcame every single obstruction. The girl dressed in the traditional male garb of rulers and the fake beard. Hatshepsut administered affairs of the country with the complete support in the high priest of Amon and other representatives. To peaceful the fears of a generally illiterate populated and to make the optical illusion of maat, she supplied material proof of her reign by becoming a “king” in most statuary and relief (Lecture notes, 2214).

Unlike the warlike state of mind of the rest of her empire, Hatshepsut was devoted to operations and the support of commerce. In 1493 B. C., she delivered a number of ships via Kosseir, around the Red Sea, to the Terrain of Bet, near present-day Somalia (Tyldesley, 1995). This was primarily a trading expedition, as Bet produced myrrh, frankincense, and fragrant products that the Egyptians used for faith based purposes and cosmetics.

Hatshepsut’s rein came at the beginning of the time of Egyptian history referred to as New Empire. Hatshepsut dominated for about twenty years, until her death in 1458 BC, when Thutmose III, wishing to reclaim the throne, led a rise ? mutiny (Tyldesley, 1995). She still left Egypt in the high level of the dynasty, with thriving trade and wealth. Hatshepsut left behind more monuments and works of art than any Egypt queen to come. This is a period of peace and stability between the campaigns of her spouse and stepson.

When Cleopatra VII ascended the tub, she was only seventeen. Cleopatra wedded her buddy and co-ruler, Ptolemy XIII, but Ptolemy was Pharaoh in brand only. For 3 years, Cleopatra ruled alone while this individual remained without your knowledge. Ptolemy’s advisors resented Cleopatra’s independence, in addition to 48 BC, they stripped Cleopatra of her electricity, forcing her into exile in Syria. Pompey was vying with Caesar pertaining to the Both roman Empire, and he traveled the world to Alexandria after dropping the battle of Pharsalos to seek Ptolemy’s protection. Ptolemy’s advisors sided with Caesar. When Pompey arrived, the Pharaoh watched as he was stabbed (Dunn, Jimmy; 2002). Caesar was appalled the brutal tough of a man who had when been his friend. This individual marched in the city and seized charge of the structure.

Ptolemy and Cleopatra would have been to dismiss all their armies and meet with Caesar, to settle all their dispute. Hatshepsut had herself smuggled to Caesar in a oriental carpet and lured him. Caesar had Ptolemy arrested. The pharaoh’s military laid to siege the palace. Caesar released Ptolemy XIII as well as the Alexandrian Battle continued pertaining to six months till Ptolemy XIII drowned in the Nile although trying to flee a battle (Shaw, Ian; 2003). Alexandria surrendered to Caesar whom restored Cleopatra to her throne. She reigned as California king and Pharaoh between fifty-one and 31 BC, and died when justin was 39 (Dunn, Jimmy; 2002).

The Roman Empire threatened Egypt with conquest during Cleopatra’s rule. In both of her units, she joined forces with powerful guys who reigned over in The italian capital to assure an area Egypt inside the shaping in the Empire. The advantage of Cleopatra is definitely legendary however history will not record whether she was dark or fair, extra tall or brief. She, just like Hatshepsut, was an focused Queen although “having swayed the pole of empire” she was going to die with her goals unfulfilled. Perhaps the most vivid epitaph to Cleopatra is that of her waiting-maid. “How did the girl die? ” asked a Roman officer. “Right well” replied the maid “and worthily of the descendant of your line of nobleman. ” (Hanna, Adel; 2000)

Since her death, Hatshepsut has been referred to in inconsistant ways–charming, greedy, a personal equal to the Roman rulers, and a woman faithful in love, (Owen, Michael; 2000) but first and foremost, she has recently been described. Small is known regarding Hatshepsut and Cleopatra have been immortalised while synonymous with Egypt by itself. Cleopatra’s relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony helped continue to keep Egypt impartial nearly twenty years. Therefore , if you believe this kind of fame and scandal which includes made Egypt famous to be of great importance to Egypt as a people and as a rustic then Cleopatra is certainly the greater Egypt queen.

Yet , Hatshepsut widened Egypt’s boundaries and brought on a period of economic success in the 20 years she ruled. She demanded and received the right to be observed as equal among the pharaoh’s, and the directly to the kingship of Egypt. This gave her, not merely the status of a person, but that of a goodness, and opened the way for Cleopatra’s rise to power. For that reason she is seen as the queen who also gave one of the most for her country and received respect in a highly men dominated culture.

Reference list

Dunn, Jimmy; 2002; Egypt: Rulers, Kings and Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt: Cleopatra VII & Ptolemy XIII [online]; http://www.touregypt.net/cleopatr.htm [12/01/04]

Dunn, Jimmy; 05/8/2002; Queens of Egypt, Part III Hatshepsut [online]; http://www.touregypt.net/magazine/mag04012001/magf4.htm [12/01/04]

Hanna, Adelstand; 2000; Females in Egypt [online] http://graphics.lcs.mit.edu/~hanna/Egypt/index19.html [12/01/04]

Owen, Michael; 2k; Queen Cleopatra VII fifty-one – 40 BC [online]; http://iw-chameleon.bravepages.com/3ecleo.htm [12/01/04]

Shaw, Ian; the year 2003; The Oxford History of Old Egypt; Oxford; Oxford University Press

Tyldesley, Joyce; 1995; Daughters of Isis: Girls of Historical Egypt; London; Penguin

Tyldesley, Joyce; 199; Hatchepsut: Women Pharaoh; London; Penguin


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